Feminism — A Movement Transcending and Transforming in Time

Feminism today is: “the advocacy of women’s rights on the grounds of political, social, and economic equality to men”, as defined by the Oxford dictionary, but to many it is so much more. It is a way of living, it is an ongoing fight towards victory in equality. Fifty years ago, feminism was in its second wave — defined by the understanding that women’s personal lives were deeply inflicted politically, and worked to fight against sexist power structures. In reality, the true meaning of the word foregoes any place in time — feminism exists wholly as an evolution of beliefs and actions made in the effort equality amongst the sexes. Feminism is timeless.

Historically, feminism has been found as radical and progressive — a movement over a lifestyle. In the media, feminism has thematically been represented in protests, records of actions taken out of context, presented as absurdity. This was feminism in the 1960s:

1977:  Women taking part in a demonstration in New York demanding safe legal abortions for all women.  (Photo by Peter Keegan/Keystone/Getty Images)

1977: Women taking part in a demonstration in New York demanding safe legal abortions for all women. (Photo by Peter Keegan/Keystone/Getty Images)

In the media today, feminism is shown through clothing printed with empowering slogans and prints of breasts, feminist icons — musicians, writers, actors, filmmakers, designers, etc—, world wide political discussions and beyond. Feminism is not restricted to women fighting against men, there are now many men in the fight with us — it is a genderless, sexless, raceless battle in favor of all genders, sexes, and races — in favor of equality. This is feminism in 2015:

 

PARIS, FRANCE - SEPTEMBER 30:  Models walk the runway during the Chanel show as part of the Paris Fashion Week Womenswear Spring/Summer 2015 on September 30, 2014 in Paris, France.  (Photo by Pascal Le Segretain/Getty Images)

PARIS, FRANCE – SEPTEMBER 30: Models walk the runway during the Chanel show as part of the Paris Fashion Week Womenswear Spring/Summer 2015 on September 30, 2014 in Paris, France. (Photo by Pascal Le Segretain/Getty Images)

Beyonce preforms at the 2014 MTV Video Music Awards at the Forum in Inglewood, California on August 24, 2014.

Beyonce preforms at the 2014 MTV Video Music Awards at the Forum in Inglewood, California on August 24, 2014.

Fifty years apart, and here we are, fighting the same battles: unequal pay, lack of control over our own bodies and sexuality, the list goes on. The differences come through the progression of society — the way feminism is portrayed and the way we view it, the way its marketed and contributed. Fifty years ago, feminism reached the masses in breaking news, in taking over the streets and the occasional Hollywood figures or musicians. Today, feminism reaches the masses through blogs, photo series, podcasts, fashion, political figures, social media platforms, music, art and beyond.

It's Me and You Clothing Lookbook

It’s Me and You Clothing Lookbook

It's Me and You Clothing Cookbook

It’s Me and You Clothing Cookbook

Nineteen year old Jewish girl from Chicago, Tavi Gevinson, was just twelve years of age when she started a fashion blog known as “Style Rookie”, and is now one of the most influential female activists of our generation — the head of world wide pop culture and femme-themed Rookie Magazine, online. As she stated in her TedxTalk just a few years ago: “Feminism is not a rulebook, but a discussion, a conversation, a process”(Gevinson, Tavi. “A Teen Just Trying to Figure It out.”) This thoughtful collection of twelve words is a pretty direct analysis and representation of the manifestation of what feminism is presently.

Through Tavi, what it is to be a woman today versus what it has meant historically is a budding conversation that happens on a platform reaching world wide in an instant — a reality that was unthinkable fifty years ago.

It was then when the discussions took place through community marches with signs held high and the burning of bras. News that didn’t reach outside of its own community until days after, if it spread at all; news that was “discussed” as an event, as something that happened, but taken apart from the root of what generated the action-taking. Being a twelve year old, being Jewish, and being a girl were each battles in themselves.
Star Olderman, Associate Professor of Women’s Studies and Chair of the Women’s Studies Department at University of Wisconsin-Whitewater, wrote the article “Midwestern Women and the Second Wave of Feminism: How Social Change Happens” as a review of the documentary “Step By Step: Building a Feminist Movement”. The review tells of many Midwestern women interviewed in the film and how their local efforts transformed into state-wide and national feminist movements. This depiction speaks directly to what Tavi Gevinson has and is currently doing. Tavi’s ability to lead a movement beginning as a middle class, Jewish, twelve year old girl is something that would have been nearly unattainable without the internet. Feminism often begins with every day people asking questions about every day scenarios, and acting in pursuit of answers. Olderman’s analysis of Steb By Step’s representation of feminism speaks of “women who at first seem to be involved in very separate or very local struggles, finally bringing them together on the state and national levels” — although speaking to movements over fifty years old, one sees parallels of this happening in social circles similar to those of activists such as Tavi Gevinson, Amy Poehler, and Lena Dunham.

Along the lines of the evolution of forming feminist communities, Oxford University Press’ book: Everywhere and Nowhere: Contemporary Feminism in the United States by Jo Reger depicts feminism on a community-wide scale. Notating how feminism starts with the individual and intermingles, Reger’s studies align very well with what Tavi was accomplishing from a very young age. Reger largely compares feminism in terms of generational differences, notating how there are often disagreements on what is actually important or worth fighting for. Where in the the 1960s, women would have to leave the United States in order to get a safe abortion, and today abortion is legal in some states, there is sometimes conflict in the minds of prior generations of feminists when hearing of movements such as “Free the Nipple”, questioning the importance of that relative to what they fought for some years ago. Many older activists see young feminists as being too concerned with popular culture and sexual empowerment, when in reality, these are very real and resonant topics of this generation. Reger confronts these conflicts best in stating “Disagreements about who ‘we’ are, or should be, take time and resources away from activist tasks, often alienating participants and fragmenting the movement.”

One representation of feminism really resonant to this generation is the television series Gilmore Girls — following a single, independent mother, successful in her career and raising a daughter. This show hits close to home for me as it was probably the first example of feminism that was revealed to me as a young girl. Amy Sherman-Palladino portrays powerful, independent, self-motivated women — writing her characters in ways in which the audience can get to know them in a very real and familiar way.

Although not an exact analysis, the topics examined in Reger’s text correlate closely with many of the characteristics that make up Gilmore Girls. The series is a thorough representation of feminism on both individual and community-wide scales, showing how feminism and communities effect one another, support and growth wise. Each individual takes on the role of being a feminist differently — Gilmore Girls portrays three generations of Gilmore girls, each strong and independent in significantly different ways, largely as a result of the differing waves of time they each grew up in. Gilmore Girls is also incredibly diverse casting wise, which opens the viewers eyes to feminism across the various social factors — race, gender, sexuality, religion, class — which Reger depicts in her book as incredibly important, but rarely found.

As mentioned before, Tavi notates that women are often portrayed as very flat, two-dimensional characters — over simplified and easily understood, when in reality women are not like this whatsoever. In the case of Gilmore Girls, on the whole, the characters at play are somewhat of an anomaly because of how multidimensional they are, even considering the time period of its release.
As a public television show of the early 2000s, such attentiveness to the representation of women was a rarity. Lorelai and Rory, the two main characters, are intelligent, humorous, motivated young women, independent in many ways — but are also very real in the the way that they do show weaknesses (often when it comes to relationships in their various forms), but are not overly inhibited by their trials. One topic that Gilmore Girls touches on in particular that stands apart from the majority of representations of women in the media is the role that food played within the show. Food was often a tool for guiding conversations and building character relationships. I would estimate that nearly 65 percent of the conversations held throughout the show take place during the consumption of some form of food. There was an emphasis on the lack of knowledge Rory and Lorelai had of making food, counter playing their overall intelligent personas, which lead to the mother daughter duo eating fast food, take out, and frozen dinners for the duration of the series. For a show focused around two women, this pushes preconceived notions of the ways in which a woman should and does eat by emphasizing eating incredibly unhealthy food in abundant quantities and high frequencies.

gilmore girls chinese food gilmore girls pie

The 1966 Czech film “Daisies” is a strong representation of feminism in its second wave, and in many ways is a parallel to Gilmore Girls. In some ways, the two main characters are a bit less dimensional than the girls of Stars Hollow, but their polarizing personalities are undoubtedly intentional. Vera Chytilova was the first female film director of the nation, and was actually banned from film making after the making of this film — proving how rare such a portrayal as this was in popular culture. Her portrayal of two young, bored girls includes numerous scenes of ravenous eating, tricking men into buying the two sisters meals, and leaving the men in the dust — without the sexual favors they presumed would be granted in return. “The twinned heroines act like dolls run amok, but they’re also impish adolescents tweaking society through their experiments in self definition. ‘We can try anything once,’ they claim in their existential repartee” writes Nicholas Rapold of the New York Times in An Audience for Free Spirits in a Closed Society. This description exemplifies the free spirited beings Chytilova so boldly chose to portray in the midst of a very conservative political regime. Although very similar to many of the characteristics one can find in Gilmore Girls, Chytilova’s representation was seen as obscene, and was pretty clearly a rebellion against many social expectations in a bit more obscene, blatant way.

 

i love food

It has been incredibly interesting to find that many representations of feminism in popular culture have retained similar qualities over history — what seems to have changed more than the content itself, is how harshly the public reacts to the the content. The ideals continue to transcend time, while taking form in new interpretations. It is clear that for a large part of history this part of my identity was often represented through satire and absurdity in an attempt to maybe counteract peoples opinions by showing that, in reality, feminism is a way of living, feminism should be the norm.

Learning Moments:

There have been many learning moments for me throughout this course — some of which were incredibly revealing in terms of information, and some experience based. As I have never taken an online course before, this term was, and continues to be, a learning experience in terms of organization and independence. It has been a rollercoaster of confusion and revelation on a number of scales. Although in many ways online courses offer a liberty as to when a student needs to be presently working, the time range in which one needs to be online, whether figuring out an assignment, doing the research, completing the assignment, etc., is entirely more scattered. It is not at all the same as going to a class twice a week, receiving all of the information in a two hour period, and leaving with the understanding that you have a routine amount of time between then and the next time you will be in that class. This calls for a lot of self-discipline and organization in the realm of online courses.
On another note, the freedom of online courses allow access to so much more information — the vastness of what is out there to research is at the tip of the students fingers, quite literally, and is encouraged to be delved into. On top of that, the peers one interacts with are granted the same opportunity, and are encouraged to share their findings with the others in a way that isn’t as available as in face to face classes because there is no time frame cutting of a students thought necessarily — the information is forever lingering through the world of the internet.
In coming into this course I was unsure of what to expect. I am not personally acclimated to popular culture as intensely as a majority of my peers today are, so I thought of this class as a way to gather wisdom on today’s popular culture. Although this did happen naturally through many of the examples we were asked to share with one another in relation to topics throughout the term, this term was more of an analysis of popular culture’s presentation — which I almost enjoy even more. Studying the affects of advertising and the many ways it takes form and place within our culture was undoubtedly my favorite topic of the term — despite, and probably because of, how sickening the revelation of the subconscious power advertising has on its audiences was to me. Naturally now I can’t help but find that advertising is virtually unescapable today, so when I’m not avoiding it, I keep in mind the four steps learned from the “Deconstructing an Ad” handout.

Sources:

Garis, Mary Grace. “What Makes Up the Diet of a Gilmore Girl? Lorelai and Rory Have Very Specific Tastes.” Bustle. April 17, 2015. Accessed December 4, 2015.

Gevinson, Tavi. “A Teen Just Trying to Figure It out.” TedXTalks. 2010.
Accessed October 17, 2015.

Olderman, Star. “Midwestern Women and the Second Wave of Feminism: How Social Change Happens.” University of Wisconsin System Women’s Studies Library, 1999. Accessed October, 2015.

Rapold, Nicolas. “An Audience for Free Spirits in a Closed Society.” The New York Times,
June 29, 2012. Accessed November 30, 2015.

Reger, Jo. Everywhere and Nowhere: Contemporary Feminism in the United States. New York: Oxford University Press, 2012.

“Daisies.” Criterion. Accessed December 1, 2015.

“Definition of Feminism in English.” Oxford Dictionaries. Accessed October 9, 2015.

“Gilmore Girls.” Writ. and Dir. Amy Sherman-Palladino. Warner Brothers, 2000-2007.

Image Sources:

Images 1-3: http://womenshistory.about.com/od/feminism-second-wave/a/1960s-Feminism-Timeline.htm
Image 4: http://globalgrind.com/2014/09/30/chanel-spring-2015-show-feminism-photos/
Image 5: http://bscene.bershka.com/en/2014/feminismo-arte-y-colores-pastel/
Images 6-7: itsmeandyou.com
Images 8-19: https://www.ted.com/talks/tavi_gevinson_a_teen_just_trying_to_figure_it_out
Images 10-12: http://www.bustle.com/articles/74366-what-makes-up-the-diet-of-a-gilmore-girl-lorelai-rory-have-very-specific-tastes
Images 13-14: https://www.criterion.com/films/27854-daisies

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College Portrayal in Society

By Kenya Hall Popular Culture. Daneen B.

college portrayal in society    college meme

Nowadays society is so judgmental of the 21st century college student. Society often perceives college students as arrogant and lazy fools. We are believed to be drunken, sex driven crazies in the pre stages of alcoholism. But what society doesn’t understand is that we spend four years trying to map out the rest of our lives through education, and although some benders get us through the term here and there, we are much more than our stereotype. When I started college at Portland State University I knew what would be my biggest distraction. The IDEA of college.aint nobody I thought that college would be this fun social event that everyone did because partying would play a big factor in it I thought that college would be just another life experience.  As I continued on with my education I realized that my idea of college isn’t what college is at all. We go to school to invest into our future selves. I was coaxed into the idea of going to college based on the television shows I watched. Being a first generation college student, I had no one to tell me what to expect, my only other resource was watching tv and basing what is a big life decision on fictitious people. In this way, society had encouraged the idea of going to college by portraying it in a way that glorified the young adult experience, instead of showing what college was really like. Because society sees college students in a negative way, they are also shown on tv to be the exact stereotype that we are seen as.

My findings for my primary sources were the television show Greek which aired on Abc Family, The L.A. Complex and the song I Love College made famous by Asher Roth. Being in college I have learned so much about myself, others, and what college life is truly like. Those facebook memes that talk about living on 20 cent ramen, and being broke are definitely part of the college struggle, and if you never experience that part of college then you haven’t had the right college experience. I have learned that I am not super woman, I cant be in more places that one, and I cannot commit to every college related activity that I intended on doing. I have learned that you cannot rely on other people to get your responsibilities done. But I am a student who is trying to work at the best of my abilities. Being a college student can have its ups and downs with finals, midterms and online class work, you never have much time to party, but when the opportunity presents itself, you obviously take it. The unfortunate part about that is that society only focuses on the idea of college students getting drunk and partying and being too hung over to make it to classes, but we work our butts off to get assignments in, in a timely matter.

My first source is the ABC Family show Greek. I feel that most shows or movies that portray college are inaccurate. For instance the movie 22 Jump street show Channing Tatum and Jonah Hill at crazy frat parties and drinking giant gallons of milk while the entire crowd cheers them on. They go to wild spring break parties and football games but no footage of them actually learning somethinggreek.

College students get judged for their extreme partying, also it gives high school students false hope of what college actually is. In the show Greek it follows a college freshman named Rusty Cartwright as he tries to get through the hustle and bustle of being an outsider in this huge Greek “culture” that his popular sister belongs in.

I think that this show portrays college through the point of view of college freshman because it accurately shows the struggle of college and having to work hard to get where you want to  be in life. You see Rusty’s coming of age story as he finds his place In the college world. You see him making many mistakes, and the  show doesn’t portray college as rainbows and butterflies, it is the real deal. It goes over obstacles and challenges that every college student faces at some point in their college career.

Another portrayal of college would be the song “I love college” made famous by Asher Roth. Its purpose is to give an idea of how partying in college would be, and although it seems like a cliché this song is pretty accurate for college freshman, its an artifact to me because when I first started college I focused more on partying and not my education, I think that it is definitely something that you grow out of by your senior year. This song accurately describes how society sees college students .

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qYx7YG0RsFYar.i love college

Another  show that is more influential to college life/ adulthood is the The L.A. Complex The L.A. Complex is about a girl who, after completing her college career moves to L.A. to look for a job to start her acting career. She moves into a complex with other people trying to make their way into stardom, and they all struggle in their own ways. All thinking that they should be more privileged than the other which describes to each their own “complex” of living in Los Angeles. The audience is people who also struggle with finding work after their undergrad. Its purpose is to show that not everything is at arm’s reach; you have to work for what you want, and I think that once you get into a certain stage In your college career that becomes more of a realistic fact.

Memorable learning experience

My most memorable/favorite learning moment was the advertising lesson. I enjoyed it because there are so many ways to be tricked into mainstream consumerism. Someone could be convincing you that you need something or that you need to do something with subliminal messages that we don’t even notice. I shared a few videos about how smoking is bad with the #truth videos and my point that I was showing was that big marketers target a specific age group and target what they would captivate their interest. The commercials have funny memes and dancing and music, but the message that they are trying to portray is that smoking is bad for your health. Although they are trying to relay an important message, they hide it with funny sayings and music.

Although I think that it is trivial that most marketers are in the same line of persuasion it is also interesting that you can almost coax people to see something without them even seeing the thing that they are supposed to be seeing.aint nobody 2

Another memorable learning experience was reading about how the boy in the shoe shop didn’t want to buy a certain type of shoe because he was worried about the child labors and the people who created them, wanting to not contribute to the harsh reality of how a lot of our products are made. That one spoke out to me because someone at that age felt like the things that happen in the world that we live in are so unfair, and especially him being a young adult and having that realization means something. If everyone or at least a majority of the world thought that way, who knows where we would be.

 

 

Traveling in the Media

Image

Traveling in the Media

By: Carl Johnson

We see traveling all over the media whether directly or indirectly. Traveling can impact our lives and help shape who we are and how we perceive the world. Media can impact the way we perceive or understand certain places of travel, certain cultures or certain environments. Fictional or non-fictional movies, news articles and documentaries can help promote or demote a place of travel and can be the deciding factor on whether or not someone decides to travel there.

In the movieSecret-Life-of-Walter-Mitty Secret Life of Walter Mitty we see a man who resembles the majority of the working class. Working so much that we often don’t have time to do the things we want so all we can do is daydream about them. Throughout the movie we begin to see a man break out of his comfort zone and develop into a completely different person through his travels. Although his work is the thing that has kept him from traveling it also becomes the thing that motivates him. He traveled the world in order to find a picture that a photographer for Life Magazine had. He travels to cities all over Greenland, Iceland and Denmark. The movie shows culture, nature and the different lifestyles of the people who live there. He is able to experience different cultures, whether and meet new people through his travels.

This movie was actually one of the first major motion pictures knowingly set in Iceland. Although it has been seen in other movies and shows such as Game of Thrones and Thor we often don’t know exactly where these beautiful scenes are shot at. The Secret Life of Walter Mitty was the first movie to give insight into Icelandic culture and show exactly where the waterfalls, volcanoes and glaciers are from instead of it just being a background. This movie focuses on the beauty of the landscape and rather than having it as a background element it is actually a major part of the movies story (Hull, 2013).  We also meet a photographer who talks about the beauty of photographing in the places he has traveled and often times elects out in taking a picture because a moment is so beautiful. Traveling helped Walter gain courage, self-worth and a different view of the world that surrounds him. We see his daydreams become a reality.

 

The Bucket List was another major motion picture revolving around the idea of traveling shaping a person’s life. In this movie we meet two elderly men, Carter Chambers and Edward Cole, who ar58390-51057e unlikely friends find that although the only common attribute they share is there terminal illness they can still gain astrong friendship. They both feel like they have yet to actually live their lives. They adventure to places such as Egypt, France, Italy and China to complete a list they have written before they “kick the bucket.” This was another movie that didn’t just include the scenery as a background but as a major aspect of the movie. Although this movie doesn’t show as many cultures in the places traveled like The Secret Life of Walter Mitty does, they do feature beautiful places to visit that people may not have thought of visiting. This movie teaches us how travel can bring joy and it can make us feel like we have accomplished more in our lives. Not only do they show how travel can fulfill their lives but also how experiencing new things and understanding how another’s life can enrich their lives. This movie also features the journey to finding god and peace. (Breimeier, 2007).

The Bucket List and The Secret Life of Walter Mitty both show how there is more to life than just a job or career. Carter Chambers and Walter Mitty share a common trait; they both have603029b453c952e1aa513b58aaa25a38 worked the majority of their lives and found their fulfillment through work never knowing anything else but their jobs. When they begin to travel due to their circumstances they begin to open their eyes to the purpose of life and the enrichment that their travels can bring to their souls. Although they are in different circumstances they both find courage, self-worth and a different view of the world that surrounds them.

Both movies have shown that there is more to traveling than just sightseeing or
trying new foods. We see that travel can help people gain a sense of self-worth and achievement. It helps people grow and become the people they want to be. Experiencing new cultures and people can help us see a new side to life and help us understand what our true purpose is. They show the life is about growth and self-improvement and that through travel we can gain these important aspects that help us to become a  better individual and benefit those around us.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bibliography

Diamond, Stephen. “Staring at Sixty: Some Musings About Mortality and the Bucket List.” Psychology Today. 9 Apr. 2009. Web. 27 Nov. 2015.

 

“Five Life Lessons From The Secret Life Of Walter Mitty.” Wild Sister Magazine RSS. 10 Feb. 2014. Web. 27 Nov. 2015.

 

Hull, Robert. “Walter Mitty Gives Iceland Its First Leading Role in a Hollywood Blockbuster.” The Gardian. 26 Dec. 2013. Web. 27 Nov. 2015.

 

Mansaray, David. “The Importance of Travel for Personal Development.” David Mansaray RSS. 8 Feb. 2012. Web. 27 Nov. 2015.

 

Plastic Surgery – A Cultural Reflection in South Korea

Featured

by Chau Nguyen

Gangnam district

According to the International Society of Aesthetic Plastic Surgery (ISAPS), the U.S, Brazil, and South Korea are the top three countries with the highest cosmetic surgical procedures in 2014. South Korea, although was ranked in third place, is actually the plastic surgery capital of the world. No exact number could be found online, but you can calculate the number of surgical procedures for every 1000 citizens by taking the total number of procedures, dividing it by their total population in 2014 (which can be found here), then time 1000. It is true that South Korea has he highest number with 9 procedures for every 1000 citizens.

Plastic surgery is a controversial topic not only in South Korea but in any country that people can have access to this service. To make plastic surgery become such a high demand industry, Korean media must have played a big part. What interests me the most is not their marketing strategy, but the mindset of Korean people on this topic. What makes it be widely accepted and spread across Korean generations (and probably among other Asian countries as well)? After doing some research, I have found that the Korean entertainment industry often sets beauty trends and standards that are followed by their citizens. These admired beauty standards combining with the social beliefs in South Korea has made plastic surgery a necessity, to the point where it can improve someone’s chance to get a job.

So, what are Korean beauty standards? Let’s take a look at this music video, Lion Heart, by Girls’ Generation, one of the most popular Korean idol groups.

The female singers in this video all have something very similar to each other: small V-line face shape, round fore head, double eyelids, tall nose bridge, beautiful smile/teeth, fair skin, thin body, bright and youthful makeup, colored hair, colored contact lenses and a cute yet sexy look. These characteristics are considered the modern beauty standards in South Korea. And thanks the booming entertainment industry, Korean people not only idolize these celebrities’ look but they are also obsessed with them. In the article, The K-pop Plastic Surgery Obsession, written by Zara Stone for The Atlantic magazine in 2013, the author mentioned about James Turnbull, a writer, lecturer in Korea on feminism and pop culture, who is also the owner of the popular blog The Grand Narrative. Turnbull noted that the main idea of producing idol groups is for the audience to like the stars’ appearance and to want to look like them.

In this plastic surgery advertisement, the after-surgery picture shows the model with the similar features: double eyelids, small V-line (or “contoured” face shape), tall nose bridge, and fair skin. Her before picture depicts her looking dull and unhappy, while the after picture is the opposite. To most of us, she looks beautiful in the before picture, but according to Korean beauty standards, her look could be improved. Notice the texts in the ad: “facial contouring that makes you Beautiful like flowers”,“make over Beautiful Face”,  “Contour your face to find your hidden beauty”, “TL Plastic Surgery Where you can find your true beauty.” These words constantly remind the audience how their natural born features could be  undesirable, that doing a facial contouring procedure will help them find their “true beauty”. Beauty is no longer a product of nature, it is now a product plastic surgery clinics and the K-pop industry.

But has this kind of beauty standard always existed in South Korea? I don’t think so. If you look at the picture of Miss Korea  in 1960 and Miss Korea in 2012. The Korean beauty standards in the 1960 still reflected what a normal Korean person would look like (slanted eyes, round face, flatter nose).

Mihija Sohn, Miss Korea 1960, and Sung-hye Lee Miss Korea 2012. (The Atlantic)

Mihija Sohn, Miss Korea 1960, and Sung-hye Lee Miss Korea 2012. (The Atlantic)

After the Korean War, Dr. David Ralph Millard, the chief plastic surgeon for the U.S Marine Corps at that time, went to South Korea in 1954 to help treat Korean accident and burn victims. He later perform the first recorded double eyelid surgery with his reason being to help Asian women minimize the sleepy, unemotional look from their slanted eyes .Despite the fact that his first clientele wasn’t Korean celebrities but prostitutes who wanted to attract American soldiers with their new look, once the first plastic surgery clinic opened in 1961, the number of double eyelid surgery procedures kept multiplying (Stone, 2013). However, not until the entertainment industry flourished that plastic surgery has become such a popular phenomenon in South Korea.

In the early 90s, Lee Soo Man founded one of the first and biggest entertainment agency, S.M Entertainment. The company created many legendary Kpop groups including H.O.T, S.E.S. It now owns Exo, Super Junior and Girls’ Generation. Along with other agencies, J.Y.P and Y.G, S.M has been recruiting young talented boys and girls in their early teenage years. They then have to go through a strict training and not all trainees are guaranteed to be able to make a debut. The group members often have plastic surgery done prior to their debut to make sure they look aesthetically pleasant and suit the Korean beauty standards. When they get famous, they automatically become the trend-setters and many young children will try to copy everything that they do.

In the article, About Face written by Patricia Marx for The New Yorker magazine, Eugene Yun, a private-equity fund manager, told Marx that in Korean language, instead of saying my husband, wives say “our husband”. This, in fact, is a form of antithesis individualism. When Korean people go to restaurant, they often order the same thing. When they go shopping, they want to buy the most popular item. If you have a chance to improve yourself, to look better, you should because everyone else is doing it, so why shouldn’t you?! Hailey Kim, a Korean-American 17 year-old girl, explained to Zara Stone the reason she had a nose job and double eyelid surgery was because she thought her face didn’t look right before (slanted eyes and flat nose). Her mom, aunts and cousins all had surgery done in Korea and gave her full support to follow their footstep.

South Korea is a very competitive society where people compete with each other on materials, money, social status, health and physical appearance. They want to try their best to do everything in their life. That could be measured by surpassing your friends, family, neighbors on whatever they do or have in life. Eunkook Suh, a psychology professor at Yonsei University, in Seoul, stated “In Korea, we don’t care what you think about yourself. Other people’s evaluations of you matter more.” It is because Korean people’s mindset is heavily influenced by Confucianism. He also said that a lot of Korean people believe in an increment theory rather than an entity theory when evaluating someone’s potentials. In another word, practice makes perfect. Maybe you weren’t born with a certain talent, but if you keep practicing that skill set, you will eventually be good at it. And If you weren’t born looking like a K-pop star, or having one of their features, you can now do so with plastic surgery.

Nowadays, having a higher education, good work ethics or talents is not enough for the young Korean people to get a good job, especially women. Kang Nayeon, a high school student from Gumi, a small city outside of Seoul, said that some companies didn’t like to hire people that had had nose job and eyelid surgery, but they still preferred hiring pretty people. And that is why parents allow and sometimes encourage their children to have plastic surgery done when they are younger so when they grow older, it will look more natural on them. An eyelid surgery as a high school graduation gift is very common thing in South Korea.

In conclusion, plastic surgery has become a necessity for Korean people to improve not only their look and self-esteem, but also their chance to get a good job. If someone abuse it, by having too many procedures, they might get frown upon, but having some subtle changes like double eyelid surgery, a nose job, botox or filler would be considered normal. Korean beauty standards in this case is a reflection of their popular culture and social beliefs. Regardless of what the rest of the world think, Korean people will still pursue their beauty standards by one way or another. I think everyone should have the freedom to define their own beauty and decide on how to look their best. However, people should raise concerns about the safety and regulation issues within the plastic surgery industry in Korea to decrease the number of incidents and illegal practices.

Learning moments

This class has sparked my interested in writing and although I don’t have the best writing skills, I can see my improvement throughout the term by reading my own writing and going through the thought process. I think being able to write about a topic that interests me is the biggest help, along with all the required readings and online resources.

My favorite blog post was about analyzing advertisements, I think everyone’s posts were very interesting and diverse. Writing peer review letters was another good learning moment for me because I got to apply what I learned and interpret it in form of suggestions. It also helped me remember different concepts and methods when writing an essay.

References

Giunta, Stephen Xavier. “ISAPS International Survey on Aesthetic/Cosmetic-Procedures Performed in 2014.” Stem Cells in Aesthetic Procedures(2014): n. pag. IASP. 2014. Web. 20 Nov. 2015. <http://www.isaps.org/Media/Default/global-statistics/2015%20ISAPS%20Results.pdf&gt;.

“Lion Heart – Girls’ Generation.” YouTube. SMTOWN, 17 Aug. 2015. Web. 3 Nov. 2015. <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nVCubhQ454c&gt;.

Marx, Patricia. “About Face.” The New Yorker. N.p., 23 Mar. 2015. Web. 10 Nov. 2015. <http://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2015/03/23/about-face&gt;.

Stone, Zara. “The K-Pop Plastic Surgery Obsession.” The Atlantic. Atlantic Media Company, 24 May 2013. Web. 10 Nov. 2015. <http://www.theatlantic.com/health/archive/2013/05/the-k-pop-plastic-surgery-obsession/276215/&gt;.

“TL PLASTIC SURGERY Facial Contouring.” YouTube. TPL Plastic Surgery, 1 Jan. 2015. Web. 3 Nov. 2015. <https://youtu.be/nA2X5SWSnZs&gt;.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Big dreams, Latina stereotypes, Who we really are

Stereotypes Based on Famous Latinas

There are many influential Latinas in the entertainment business to start off with Selena (a famous singer known and loved). Another example, is Philly Brown (A girl who used her passion for singing to help her family get through tough times) , Gloria (A sexy milf who loves her family and is married to an older man), their is also, Consuela (A maid in a comedy tv show that loves to clean), and finally, Marisa Ventura from Maid in Manhattan (A maid who falls in love with a wealthy white man). All these Latinas are well known, although Selena is a real person and everyone else is fictional. These are some Latinas who represent the Latino community because they are famous and well known. In general Latinas hold a good record prioritizing family values, aspiring the American dream, following family traditions (musicians), and being hard workers.

A negative stereotype of Latinas is the assumption that they all have thick accents, work as maids, like to show cleavage, are liars, and have attitude.

To fight with these stereotypes here are examples of different Latinas:

Filly Brown
Filly brown, by Youssef Delara is a movie about a struggling Latina who turns to her passion of singing in order to to help her family. Her family is struggling because her mom is in jail and Filly has to take care of her dad and younger sister. In order to do so she works at her uncle’s tattoo shop until she gets this awesome opportunity when a music producer discovers her talent. In the movie “Timing is of the essence as she is hustling to raise money for what she thinks will be her mom’s ticket out of prison.” (Melanie Mendez-Gonzales. Movie review. Que means what).
The movie shows the struggle of the first generation Latinos, who become responsible of their siblings, and are  forced to mature faster than the rest. It continues by showing how hard Latina’s fight to help their family. It also shows how parents could also be struggling in addiction, and making the daughter/son be the grownup. There are times that I have felt this way and I have seen it in many Latino families. It’s not always the mom it could be the dad too putting a lot of responsibility on the first born since it is traditional to do so.
Something that I found revealing was how minorities especially most Latinas struggle with money, and family. Another thing that I noticed was how the first born has to take care of kids, and it’s hard to follow your dreams when your turn in between family and your passion.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iy9CBJ1HA7k (Link shows The struggle for Filly, this song explains what she is going through).

Selena
This is the story of a famous singer named Selena who was one of the first Latinas to make it famous in Mexico and America. She was born in Texas and she had an American dream, to be a famous singer and to reach success in the English market . She succeeded but “The day her life was tragically cut short, Selena was expected at the studio to work on her first English-language album “Dreaming Of You.” “Only 4 of the 13 tracks envisioned for the album were recorded yet the record went multi-platinum when it was released posthumously. The album sold over 5 million copies and surpassed Mariah Carey’s sales records.” (Carolina Moreno. Huffington Post. reasons why Selena will never be forgotten).
She ended up being shot by her friend, Yolanda who was in charge of Selena’s fan club, causing many people to grieve for the young role model. Gregory Nava was asked by Selenas dad to make the movie about Selena, in order to keep her legacy going and in order to show Selena’s accomplishments. Many Latinas lookup to Selena since she was similar to the girl on the block. She never forgot her roots, she was down to earth, and she had a strict dad, big dreams, a boyfriend who her dad did not approve off and managed to achieve her lifelong goal. Details I noticed is that her dad passed down his talents to his daughter in hopes that she will become what he never could be. Another thing would be that she was the first Latina ever to become famous/well known in Mexico and America. I feel that parents usually do that to their kids. They have kids in order for them to keep their legacy going, dreams, hopes that they were not able to do. I also realized Latina’s don’t usually become famous in America and Mexico; so when that happens of course people are going to celebrate it’s a step closer to expanding our horizons.

Consuela
Consuela is a maid in a popular tv show called Family Guy. She shows all the negative stereotypes of Latinas. She is a maid, she has an accent, she acts as if she is not smart, she is a liar, and Consuela tends to always clean wherever she goes. Consuela usually appears on episodes when someone needs cleaning, or on Valentines day when she crossed the border in a matrix manner in order to see her husband Juan. They were about to get intimate when Consuela tells him to wait while she freshens up by spraying herself with a cleaning product the famous “Lemon Pledge.” (Season 11 Episode 12; Valentine’s Day in Quahog). In the episode, “Dog Gone” 2009, Stewie loses $1,000 and asks Consuela if she took it. She admits she did and stewie demands her to give it back. She answers back saying “Come get me B—.” Family guy tries to show the bad stereotypes that are popular in people’s minds, Consuela makes Latinas seem like there only job is to be maids, that they are liars and are people who tend to steal from others.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VM4KBOv-O-g (Here is a link of Consuela showing these stereotypes).

Gloria
In modern Family Gloria is a sexy Latina married to an old white man. She has an accent, loves family, and has a very spicy attitude. She has mixed stereotypes good and bad. It is good to be sexy but when people categorize certain Latinas as sexy vs not sexy it takes stereotypes to a whole different level. Gloria loves family and will do everything to help them be happy, which is a good stereotype for Latinas, family means everything. Gloria has an accent which may not be bad since that is who she is, even so not all Latinas have big accents all the time, people believe Latinas have accents every time that they talk and that is beyond true.


I have realized that Latina’s are shown as strong, poor, they tend to have dreams of a better life, have to take care of family,are taught of as maids, cooks, and house moms. This paper has taught me that Latina singers tend to become famous in order to help their family and to follow their dreams. I feel proud that Latina’s seen as fighters, and no matter what life throws their way they won’t give up. No matter what, minorities will always seem different than others and Popular culture made me realize this. My thesis is that people see famous Latina’s as what Latina’s are and they don’t know the truth about how one person is not the whole culture. My goal is to show people that it is not what it is about at all.

During the term the most significant learning moments for me was when we had a group chat in hangouts and give advice about our paper. Personally chatting and getting advice from others helped me a lot, for some reason the chat was erased but here is an example of another chat that helped me speak out and help others.

Me: “You could say a positive thing that you feel about being a photographer. For example creative, that’s a good stereotype right?”

Me: (Gave a link) “Not sure if this could help but I found it in the word press the title is Photographer stereotypes-a satire (some example)”

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Another moment for me would be when I had to write answers to questions that where beyond my knowledge. For example:

In what ways have you participated in or learned about community this term, both in and out of this class?

A: Being able to give each other thoughts, feedback, and criticism. Working as a team for a desired goal (passing the class, learning about popular culture).  That’s what we have been doing I have been doing my part by participating in discussions and such. Out of class I learned about the school’s community, PSU students work together to graduate, help others, make others feel welcomed. We are a huge community of students at PSU not as close but certain parts of the community makes us feel welcomed for example, My sorority Kappa Delta Chi makes me feel welcomed.

Has your definition or understanding of community changed since the term started? Explain.

Yes it has, I believed community was people you where close to, family, a small town community, people who are united, same ethnicity. I just realized that there is way more like online communities, school communities, sorority communities, it doesn’t have to be the same race to be in a community.

Finally another big thing that helped me have a significant moment was during my teachers blog posts. She had asked us to analyze a news article and to find something about plagiarizing. take a look below

Newsworthy Criteria

Timeliness: Did the event just happen? A: No
Proximity: How close is the event, physically and psychologically? New York
Prominence: How many people have some knowledge of the person or event? Fox news, car companies like the Lambo’s
Significance: How many people will be affected? By how much? Not a lot just the company
Currency: Is the event part of an on-going issue? If not, should people know? Maybe
Controversy: Is there conflict or drama? Drama
Uniqueness: Is it a first, last, largest, least, best or worst? Large
Emotional Appeal: Is there humor, sadness or a thrill? Thrill
Here are some questions I ask when I’m analyzing whether a news story is newsworthy:
Does this information matter? Why? No, because politically it is not affecting the world, it’s effecting a company
Does it serve a “greater purpose” or is it just interesting, shocking, or entertaining? Entertaining
In what ways might this story influence the way I think, act, shop, or vote? I will definitely need to buy a Lambo later on
1. Mandatory Prompt: Find a news story (can be a video or print story, from TV, Internet, or paper). Use the “newsworthy” criteria

above (both the editors’ and mine) to analyze it. Give us a link to the story and tell us your findings. Why do you think the editors/producers chose it, and was the story covered really newsworthy? Why or why not?

http://www.foxnews.com/leisure/2015/11/11/hot-wheels-detective-agency-posts-100000-reward-for-missing-lamborghini/?vgnextrefresh=1&intcmp=hplnws

Fast & The Furious: Detective agency posts $100,000 reward for missing Lamborghini. By: Fox News
The title is misleading Fast and the Furious when I clicked on it I thought It was going to be about The movie Fast and the Furious. Instead it was about a Lambo that got stolen and just disappeared sort of like Fast and the Furious on Oct 28. They claim whoever can find it will be rewarded $100,00. I think they choose to talk about this because people tend to love cars, especially fast cars so they also tend to post things people like beside the regular news. This news is not really affecting us politically, it only affects the company.

Find a source on the Internet related to plagiarism/copyright (video, article, blog post, etc.). Summarize it for the class.

I found this fun video about Plagiarism, Its a teacher rapping about it with his students. Writing verbatim and writing everything word from word is bad. And to be okay while writing a paper, cite it and acknowledge the author, citation style. Like the teacher says
“You’re only cheating yourself.” If you plagiarize. must watch video!

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Pyyk8881tLE

Work Cited
“Latina/o Representation and FOX Broadcasting Company: Family Guy.”Latina/o Representation and FOX Broadcasting Company: Family Guy. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Dec. 2015
“FILLY BROWN Movie Review.” Qu Means What. N.p., 19 Apr. 2013. Web. 03 Dec. 2015

“Selena Movie Review & Film Summary (1997) | Roger Ebert.” All Content. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Dec. 2015.

Moreno, Carolina. “20 Reasons Selena Quintanilla Will Never Be Forgotten.” The Huffington Post. TheHuffingtonPost.com, n.d. Web. 03 Dec. 2015

“Google Images.” Google Images. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Dec. 2015.

When Passion Turns to Violence: How Soccer Supporters are Portrayed in the Media

Growing up as a supporter of soccer in America was very difficult at times. When I was a kid, the sport was not very widely accepted in the United States. People would say things about it not being a real sport or they would scrutinize the players for faking injuries. I tried not to let any of that bother me because I know most of the world agreed with my opinion of the game. As I’ve gotten older, I’ve realized that the view of soccer fans internationally is much different than it is in the United States. The more research I do, the more I learn just how much soccer means to people in different parts of the world, and how closely I can relate to them. Soccer is and always will be part of my identity. This essay looks into how this identity of mine is represented in popular culture. Due to a long history of intense rivalries, soccer fans from around the world are seen as overly passionate, violent drunks.

These fans, often referred to as hooligans, tend to pick fights with rival fans or start riots. Some fans will yell profanities at players and sometimes even attack them. A group of these fans is called a firm which started as a British term, but has spread worldwide since. Lexi Alexander’s Green Street Hooligans shows what it’s like to descend into the violent, gang-like culture of British firms. Elijah Wood plays a Harvard journalist student who moves to London and quickly becomes swept up into the fierce rivalry between Millwall Football Club and West Ham United. While West Ham is normally a decent team on the field, Millwall isn’t quite up to that standard and is really only known for their rambunctious fanbase. The film provides a fairly realistic look into football hooliganism, but also tends to focus on the Matt.

greenstreet

In a 2005 review of the movie, Roger Ebert mentions that he first thought the inclusion of Matt’s character wasn’t actually a necessity for the film. He later states that “the movie’s point is that someone like this nerdy Harvard boy might be transformed in a fairly short time into a bloodthirsty gang fighter. The message is that violence is hard-wired into men, if only the connection is made.” Although Ebert doesn’t say one way or another if he agrees with that, it does raise a good point. Stereotypically, men have been known to be the more violent and impulsive gender. When hooliganism was much more common in the 20th century, the firms were predominantly male. This, of course, does not mean that soccer fans have been violent because they are male. Most of the firms focus on their pure hate of people from a different region than them.

Instead of harmless trash talk and bragging rights, they take their rivalries to another level and express their disgust with each other through physical violence and vandalism. It’s almost as if they treat it as another game. If one firm’s team loses, they get a second chance to show who is boss. These fans are unlike any that American sports have ever seen. Though, there have been some reports recently of fights between rival fans in America. The Oregonian reported a local incident near Providence Park (then Jeld-Wen Field) on April 14th, 2013 in which a Portland Timbers fan, James Decker, was attacked in his car by two visiting San Jose Earthquakes fans.

James Decker said a group of San Jose Earthquake fans attacked him and smashed his windshield. (Photo from James Decker)

James Decker said a group of San Jose Earthquake fans attacked him and smashed his windshield. (Photo from James Decker)

Decker’s wife and children were also in the car. Since then, NBC Bay Area released an article saying that the two suspects from that day had been arrested. There was also an incident on the other side of the country between opposing fans.

Harrison, New Jersey is home to a Major League Soccer team called the New York Red Bulls. In 2015, the Red Bulls were introduced to a new team in MLS called New York City Football Club. These two teams quickly became regional rivals and, of course, the fans acted accordingly. Most fans focused on the rivalry that happened on the field, but that didn’t stop a few fans from making it a more personal matter. British tabloid Daily mail reported that, “Two gangs of rival supporters were seen brawling in the streets of New Jersey”. This could be a sign of a more passionate, violent culture than American sports has seen before. Daily Mail reporter Kieran Corcoran takes it one step further and starts comparing this one brawl to the historical hooligan culture of England. Tabloids are known to use buzzwords and repetition, and often times they try to make a story more interesting than it is. Writing about some drunken belligerents in front of a bar isn’t necessarily special or interesting, but when the media tries to make it seem like a trend, that’s when people tend to get intrigued. This type of the journalism fools people into thinking there is a trend that might not actually exist. It also reports on the worst aspect of anything without showing the other side. So when people who aren’t familiar with soccer read this, they might think of hooliganism as more of a disease that is spreading as soccer gains popularity in America. In reality, hooligan culture has been around for a very long time and is actually dissipating. American fans like me have pride for their city and their team. And while there is an immense hatred towards rival teams, most fans focus on the game and let their team’s form do most of the talking. Contrary to what the media reports, most soccer fans are not violent and animalistic. In fact, many fans are very involved in their community and try to help out around the city.

The supporters group for Portland’s soccer team is called the Timbers Army. They have a lot of ways for fans to get involved with things like helping clean up parks, planting trees, and other things similar to those. In 2013, the Timbers organization and the Make-A-Wish Foundation partnered up to make a cancer-stricken eight year-old’s dream come true. Atticus Lane-Dupre was diagnosed with cancer and ended up having to miss some of his soccer season to undergo cancer treatment. His wish was to play a game against the Timbers. It was amazing that the game happened at all, but even more amazing is that over 3,000 fans came out to the event and cheered for Atticus’s team. atticus-portland-timbers-600x390 This shows that the Timbers Army is not only passionate about the game, but also about their fellow fans and the community surrounding them. After the game, most of the reaction articles that came out were local. There definitely wouldn’t be tabloids about it. This is just a local, close-to-home case of what a supporters group can do.

Soccer is more than just a game to me and other fans. Though there has been a long history marred by violence, soccer culture has vastly changed. This doesn’t stop media sources from trying to allude back to the times in which fans were crazy, drunken marauders. This piece of my identity is not accurately portrayed in popular culture.

 

Sources

Green Street Hooligans Movie Review | Roger Ebert (All Content) http://rogerebert.com/reviews/green-street-hooligans-2005

Hawley, Lindsay (2004) “Ethnics, Violence, and Truth: Soccer’s American Past,” Constructing the Past: Vol. 5: Iss. 1, Article 4.Available at: http://digitalcommons.iwu.edu/constructing/vol5/iss1/4

25 Fearsome Soccer Hooligan Gangs You Never Want To Meet In Person (List25) http://list25.com/25-fearsome-soccer-hooligan-gangs-you-never-want-to-meet-in-person/

Green Street Hooligans. Dir. Lexi Alexander. Distributed by Warner Home Video, 2006. Film.

Dailymail.com, Kieran Corcoran. “Has British-style Hooliganism Infiltrated American Soccer? Fans Brawl in the Streets Ahead of New York Derby Match.” Mail Online. Associated Newspapers, 10 Aug. 2015. Web. 2 Dec. 2015.

Two visiting soccer fans arrested for April attack on Timbers fan (KATU.com) http://www.katu.com/news/local/Two-visiting-soccer-fans-arrested-for-April-attack-on-Timbers-fan-221562811.html

The rise of new feminism in the current Chinese Popular Culture

At first, I wanted to explore the topic of the job situation of Chinese young people, then I try to find the urban movies and TV series about young people’s job. However, I discovered that most of the highly popular Chinese television drama and movies in recent years I found are about women’s career and life. For example, the TV show “Go Lala Go” played on the Sohu website which is a Chinese video website after14 days, total amount of play was more than 100 million times, the playback volume has exceeded 10 million in a day, created the website record for “the highest level of play” and “play the fastest-rising” (ent.news.cn, para.1). And the TV serials “Ugly Wudi” was showed on September 28, 2008, it got highest ratings for Hunan satellite TV for 4 years (media.people.com.cn, para.1). In addition, these TV dramas have a common characteristic is that reflected the feminism. TV shows as a cultural product, they not only tell the story to the audiences, and disseminate the underlying values. In recent years, the feminist dramas get Chinese audience’s favorite, because of the improvement of women’s status in China. Therefore, I focused on feminist films and television shows, because these TV shows reflect the characteristics of contemporary Chinese young women. Then, I will focus on the two aspects which are women’s appearances and career to analyze Chinese films and TV dramas in recent years how to reflect these characteristics.

Appearances

There is a Chinese proverb “Those who please other people with their appearance will get less and less love when their beauty fade away”. However, women’s beautiful appearance and the female body are often as a commercial selling point of a movie or a TV show. In fact, this reflects the unfair treatment for women, because the female body and appearance have been regarded as a kind of consumer products. Therefore, most women in the TV series are sexy and beautiful, it is to attract male viewers. For example, Lust, Caution is a 2007 espionage erotic thriller film directed by Ang Lee. The content of this movie is a group of Chinese university students from the Lingnan University who plot to assassinate a high-ranking special agent and recruiter of the puppet government Mr. Yee using an attractive young woman Wang Jiazhi to lure him into a trap. This movie is not very old, but it reflects the idea is old. First, actress Wang Jiazhi use seduction for killing a traitor. I think it also reflects the discrimination for women. Because these students can use a variety of ways to kill the agents, why they must choose seduction. This seems to mean that women are weak, only the beautiful appearance is the characteristic of women. Second, there are three pornographic parts in the movie. The purpose is to titillate audience. Maybe many people would say that this movie is an art, but I have to say that many people watch this movie just for porn clips. It illustrates women’s body are already as a physical commodity, used to stimulate the public’s consumption. Therefore, the expression of the movie is an unfair treatment for women.20071030134107777dd

 

However, the urban movies are totally different. These dramas are not concerned about a woman’s looks, but they more focus on showing women’s ability. For example, a popular teleplay which names “ugly Wudi”. The actress is a graduate graduated from the famous university in China, and her major is Financial. However, she cannot find a job because of her appearance. She looks ugly. She is fat and has explosion style hair and big buck teeth. In addition she always wear a pair of glasses and old-fashion clothes. In fact, ugly heroine is hard to receive the audiences’ favorite, but this role is still loved by the audiences, because of her upbeat personality, diligent attitude and problem solving skills. Even though she met a lot of problem, she never give up. She still votes resume to many companies. Finally, she is admitted to a well-known advertising company, which names “Gainian”. She is admitted as a secretary of the president. Whereas, her ugly appearance makes her be excluded by her workmates. She does not have friends, and they often laugh at her because of her appearance and apparel. However, she does not care about other people’s sights. She just work hard. Finally, she tries her best and use her advantages of professional and personality. She got success in career. In addition, due to her efforts, she also helped the company get $ 40 million profit a year. Thi01300000168284122304564314547s T
V show was loved by many Ch
inese audiences, because a lot of people think Wudi is an inspirational example. Because most people are ordinary looks, after watching this TV show, audiences would believe that ordinary people can gain success and love, if we work hard and never give up. Therefore, in this TV show, the concerns of the people are not a woman’s appearance and body shape. They focus on the role Lin Wudi ‘s ability and spirit. Therefore, this shows the improvement of the status of women, because it reflects female no longer only have the appe
arance, like avase, women also have the ability.

 

Career

In the Chinese tradition, male is the leading force for social development, so male is the dominator, women should dependent on men. Therefore, women do not need a job, they just need to take care of her husband and children. Therefore, there is a stereotype for women in Chinese TV show and movie. That is if the woman married, family is the core of her life. If an unmarried girl, love is the most important thing for her. There is an example. The movie “Painted Skin” is a 2008 supernatural-fantasy film directed. This film is not old, but it has a stereotype of women. There is a role of the General’s wife and her name is Pei, Rong. The role of Pei Rong is designed totally according to male perspective which is a wife should serve for her husband. 10080889So Pei, Rong is a virtuous wife and she has a beautiful and dignified
appearance. She stay at home every day and wait her husband return after he win the fighting victory. When her husband came back with another woman, she did not complain. She chose to make her husband and the woman get married for the sake of her husband happiness. The woman’s whole life is for husband. The film embodies cultural expectation of traditional female role.Women do not have their rights; they need to obey their husband. Everything she does is for her husband, without taking into account her feelings. Audience thinks thiswoman is pathetic, but it also reflects the stereotype of women in the movies.

 

Here I will use an movie “Go Lala Go” compare with the “Painted Skin”. I mainly focus on the heroine, du Lala. She is a young woman who has just started work. When she was just graduated, she found a job which was a small private enterprise. She was not satisfied with this job and her boss often harass young women, so she went to the job interview of DB company which is a world-wide Fortune 500 company. Because Du Lala got a good education, she get this job. She worked in a big company is not easy, and she encountered a lot of difficulties, like she need to plan company relocation, but she worked hard, and never give up. Finally, she was promoted from secretary to HR manager and she fall in love with a sales manager Wang Wei. The most important thing is there is a policy in this company, an employee who work in this company cannot get married and fall in love with another employee who also work in this company. Du Lala did not like traditional Chinese women choose to love, she chose to the career, so she broke up with Wang Wei. Therefore, this film reflects love, family, and the man is no longer the focus of her life. Women are independent and they can have their own career. The film reflectedthe new feminism. Women are independent, they have equal U7481P1276DT20120703092843status and career aspiration. Because Du Lala chose to break up with her boyfriend, it means women is not chosen by man, so the status of women and men are more equal. After watching this movie, maybe many women want to be like her. The reason is the female independence the role have is our desire. There the movie illustrate what the feminism is Chinese young women think.

In conclusion, although Chinese film and television show still exist the stereotype of women. Even not all of the TV series and movies as well as these two teleplay and movie which the narrative main line is about women. However, TV show and movies are a reflection of real life, the status of Chinese women has improved in real life, so these popular urban TV series and modern movie also have the emergence of feminism. Therefore, the feminism of the TV shows or movies reflects and transmit the modern values.

References:

Go Lala Go get high ratings. (2010, August 9). Retrieved from http://ent.news.cn/2010-08/09/c_12425188.htm

Luo, X. (2012, June). Research on the images of “superwomen” of “Work place play” during New Century. Retrieved from http://www.doc88.com/p-2806684542612.html

Qian, Q. (2012, April 15). The Study of female images in Chinese metropolis films in the new century. Retrieved from http://www.doc88.com/p-1488575813664.html

Why TV shows Ugly Wudi is popular. (2009, February 19). Retrieved from http://media.people.com.cn/GB/22114/45733/146913/8835395.html

Learning moments:

This is my first time take online class. I have learned this class ten week and I got many new knowledges. There are my two significant learning moments. First, I think the course blog is most useful for me. Because I need to post my initial responses according to those questions of course blog every week, it can push me to think. If I read the course texts, I just read the new information. However, if I need to write blog, I will combine book knowledge and our own experience in thinking. In addition, I can read classmates’ blog and get classmates’ response, it is beneficial to me understand different people’s opinions and expanded my views. For example, we discussed the topic of advertising. I found a Chinese tradition makeup ad to prove advertisements can contribute and reflect our traditional culture and fashion value. Another classmate agreed my opinions; she post an old period ad about man tie. I really like it, because it is helpful for me to look back American ad history. And I get the recognition of the students, I feel very happy. Therefore, this is my most significant moments.

The second significant moment is week 7, I learned how to analyze whether a news story is newsworthy. I can follow these points, timeliness, proximity, prominence, significance currency, controversy, uniqueness, emotional Appeal. These points are easy to remember and understand. Now, when I read a news, I am not only concerned about whether the content is interesting, sometimes I will consider the newsworthy. This helps me learn not to blindly accept the information. Therefore, this is also an important learning moment for me.