Latinos Portrayed in Disney Movies

The purpose of this research is to explore how Latinos are being portrayed in Disney movies. At a young age children are socialized from mass media and it affects their cognitive and social development. With the average child watching television 3-4 hours of television a day, television and film have the greatest impact of socialization in children (Gonzalez, 2009). Since 1937 Disney has been making movies that many of us have grown up with and loved. As kids we are shown our first glimpse of the larger world with movies like The Lion King and Aladdin. “We think that these are innocent kids movies, but they aren’t” (Avant-Mier, 2013). Of the different nationalities shown in Disney movies, Latinos are shown the least, and when they are shown they’re in the most stereotypical ways. Disney movies introduce and enforce negative stereotypes about Latinos to children. Children try to interpret and reason about race at an early age. For some children stereotypes can be difficult to tell the difference between fact and fiction. Stereotypes can affect children in many ways ranging from negative interracial exchanges, affecting their academic ability and mimicking theses stereotypes resulting in false representation (McKown and Strambler, 2009).

Children ages 3 to 5 are able to identify and create judgments about ethnicities apart from their own (Aboud, 1988). Disney does a good job showing the appearance of a Latino in the most stereotypical ways. There are two main kinds of appearances when it comes to these stereotypes, one is the macho look, and second is the greaser bandito. The word bandito comes from the Spanish word for bandit, the look is usually portrayed as a dirty, unshaven, missing teeth and greasy hair. A Disney character that portrays this kind of look is Tito from Oliver and Company. Tito is a small rugged chihuahua; he has a bite taken out of his ear and always wears a green bandana. The macho look is best portrayed in the movie Despicable Me 2. The character Eduardo had a thick black moustache; he wore an opened silk shirt that showed his chest hair and his gold chain. Eduardo looks like he was based off Scarface’s character Tony Montana.

Along with the appearance of Latinos, Disney does a good job using the stereotypical thick accent. In most cases Latino characters have thick accents that are used in a comical way. Kids associate the accents they hear in the movies to the ones they hear in real life. It is said that a kid who sees an antagonist with thick accents will have negative views on them in real life (Lippi-Green, 1997). Tito from Oliver and Company has a thick accent, voiced by Cheech Marin, and is used as the comic relief in the movie. Tito is shown being hyper active and is always trying to pick a fight. Marin voiced another Disney character Banzai, a hyena from The Lion King, and his accent was used in a similar way, the character was used in humor, as he was always getting hurt or joking around. Accents are used to add flavor and to distinguish themselves apart from other characters in the film. Tim Allen voices buzz Lightyear from Toy Story 3, however when he is switched to Spanish mode Javier Fernández-Peña voices him. The new voiceover added flare and a whole different dynamic to the character, making it very obvious that he wasn’t English anymore.

I find it interesting that Disney movies show Latinos having different social interaction than the rest of the characters. This is blatantly shown with Buzz Lightyear’s character in Toy Story 3. In the movie Buzz accidently gets switched to Spanish mode, his language not only changed but his interaction with the other characters changed as well. Buzz re-discovers the character Jessie and makes it know that he is interested in her. Buzz became very jealous with her friendship with Woody and not only did Buzz create a rivalry with Woody, he also made wooing Jessie his priority. The creators showed Buzz wooing Jessie in one of the most stereotypical ways, he used romantic words, using his masculinity and good looks, and he also knew how to salsa dance. This stereotype is known as a Latin lover. The Latin lover was first shown in the 1920’s by the work of Rudolph Valentino. The Latin lover is a stereotype of an attractive, charming, exotic, mysterious, masculine, passionate, hypersexual Latino (Sutherland and Feltey, 2013). This is a very common stereotype, and even though there is something to be said about being a ladies man, the stereotypes often makes them look like a sex symbol. In Despicable Me 2 both Eduardo and Antonio were portrayed as Latin Lovers. Antonio is smooth and seductive and he catches the interest of Gru’s daughter Margo. Gru does not trust Antonio throughout the film. Latin lovers are shown as sneaky and untrustworthy. Later in the film Margo catches Antonio flirting with another girl, proving to her that Gru was right not to trust him.

A very common stereotype that is used is that all Latinos are the same. Stated by World Atlas there are twenty countries that Spanish is the official language and each country has their own culture, yes there are similarities between each country but they are not the same. Most of the time kids don’t know different countries that speak Spanish but the one that is most commonly used is Mexico. Because of this it is shown to kids very early that all Latinos are Mexican. One similarity that not all Latinos share is the use of salsa music. The ironic part is that salsa music is very big in the Caribbean and Puerto Rico but not very much in Mexico. This doesn’t stop Disney from putting it into their movies, showing Latinos listening to salsa music and instinctively knowing how to salsa dance, like a dog knows how to swim. Tito from Oliver and Company is first shown listening to salsa music while the rest of the gang is sleeping; Tito is shown salsa dancing around the houseboat. In Toy story 3 when Buzz gets switched to Spanish mode and when he does he instinctively knew how to salsa dance, and continued to salsa dance to woo Jessie. The biggest use of salsa dance and music was used in Despicable Me 2. In the movie Eduardo was the owner or a Mexican restaurant called Salsa & Salsa, which included salsa music and salsa dancing. Eduardo was introduced salsa dancing on stage and throughout the restaurant. Antonio also knew how to salsa dance; he danced with Margo at the Cinco de Mayo party. When Antonio was caught flirting with another girl his comment was “you were a lucky girl that had the opportunity to dance with me.” Whenever the characters were in the restaurant there was salsa music playing in the background and when Eduardo or Antonio were on screen salsa music would play.

Since the beginning of film Latinos have been portrayed as bandits and that doesn’t change in Disney movies, as Latinos are associated with being criminals. In Oliver in Company the main character Oliver meets a gang of dogs that live on the streets. As a member of the gang, Tito is the only dog that knows how to hot wire a car and it’s his job to steal cars. The fact that the Latino dog is the only one that knows shows kids that all Latinos must steal cars. In Toy story 3 Mr. Potato Head is shown trying to escape from the day care. He transforms himself into a tortilla to slip away. A pigeon attacked him at tore him into strips, “hinting that they’re is something unnatural about the Latino incarnation” (Montilla, 2013). Lastly in Despicable Me 2 both characters were shown as untrustworthy villains. Gru recognized Eduardo as a super villain from twenty years earlier named El Macho. Eduardo continues to be El Macho throughout the film, trying to turn the minions into evil minions to destroy the world. Even though these movies are fun and meant to be shows as entertainment showing these characters to kids gives the impression that all Latinos are criminals.

In conclusion, Disney makes a lot of movies that most of us have grown up watching and loving, but that doesn’t stop the presence of negative stereotypes that we see every day in our society. Disney movies introduce and enforce negative stereotypes about Latinos to children. As kids we are shown that Latinos have very distinct thick accents that allow kids to have judgments about Latinos as a whole. Latinos are stereotypically shown as a bandito or having a macho look. Latinos interact with people in a different ways than the rest of the population such as a Latin lover. Latinos are portrayed as criminals and villains that create conflict with the rest of the characters. Finally, all Latinos are portrayed the same even though there are twenty countries that have Spanish as their official language. These stereotypes give kids a false representation of Latinos as a whole, and since it’s difficult for children to distinguish between reality and fiction many kids carry these beliefs into adulthood.

 

Resources

 

Avant-Mier, Roberto Despicable them: When a children’s movie makes stereotypes fun, that’s just wrong 2013

Wenke, Eric Accents in children’s animated features as a device for teaching children to ethnocentrically discriminate 1998

 

Allende Llona, Isabel Toying with the Latino Identity: Latinization in Toy Story 3 2010

 

Montilla, Patricia M. Latinos and American Popular Culture 2013

Sutherland, Jean-Anne and Feltey, Kathryn Cinematic Sociology: Social life in Film 2013

Aboud F.E Children and Prejudice, Oxford, England 1998

Lippi-Green, R Language, Ideology, and Discrimination in the United States. London: Routledge 1997

Gonzalez, Mena The Media as an Influence on Socialization 2010

McKown, Clark and Strambler, Michael Development Antecedents and social and Academic Consequences of Stereotypes – Consciousness in middle school 2009

World Atlas www.worldatlas.com/spanish.htm

Filmography

Oliver and Company Dir. George Scribner, USA 1998

Toy Story 3 Dir. Lee Unkrich, USA 2010

Despicable Me 2 Dir. Pierre Coffin, Chris Renaud, USA 2013

 

 

 

Female Athletes

Breanne Chilton-Eddy

5 March 2015

Female Athletes

Pop culture has shaped how people think of their own identities in many ways. The social stigma that comes with being a female athlete can cause stresses in the social aspects of their lives. Due to how the media portrays female athletes in magazines, films and T.V. they are often over-sexualized.

Male athletes have always been glorified and noticed purely on their abilities while the common female athlete faces social stigma because of their athletic prowess. Men and women’s sports differ because of the way they are seen in the media. Female athletes are shown in a particular way in all types of pop culture: television, film and magazines.

The stigmatization of the female athlete in popular media has been shown in many films while I was growing up. I have noticed that they are the main focus in the film and are trying to prove their athletic capabilities or are seen as endangering the feminine image.

In the movie, She’s the Man the girls’ soccer team gets cut so the main character Viola tries to go out for the boy’s soccer team. She isn’t aloud to try out because the coach and the team think she and all girls are incapable of competing with the boys. Viola heads over to her brothers elite boarding school, while he is away and disguises herself as him to play for the boy’s team. She’s the Man gives a good representation of how society views females in attempt to playing sports. Society expects females to be athletically incompetent and if a female shows athletic prowess it is considered to be one of many stereotypical traits of lesbians.

The best athletes are often labeled as lesbians because they don’t protect their femininity. I think it’s interesting how society thinks that if a woman has an athletic body type and athletic capability this makes them masculine or manly. It proves that there is stigma attached to being a female athlete. Females are expected to do things that don’t endanger their femininity like cheerleading or dance. I believe there is a stigma in being successful at your sport; successful women can be intimidating especially if they were to endanger a man’s masculinity.

Unfortunately, the social stigma of being possibly perceived as a “lesbian” can cause stresses in the social aspects of a female athletes life. These athletes feel the need to appear more feminine in order to mask their masculinity. For example, being really strong is considered to be masculine so women will attempt to avoid these negative stereotypes by trying to prevent an increase in muscle mass so they don’t appear to big. This can affect them negatively because it puts them at risk for injury.

Sports Illustrated is a well-known sports magazine that is read around the country. This past year Little Leauger, Mo’ne Davis was on the front page, she was just thirteen. She was featured mainly because of her age and the circumstance but it is outrageous that this young girl got more media attention then most famous female athletes. When it comes to media exposure, men definitely take center stage especially in magazines like Sports Illustrated. When men are featured they are portrayed solely on their athletic capabilities. When a male athlete is featured on the cover they are seen in uniform or other athletic clothing, but if a female athlete is shown on the cover if at all, they are hyper‐sexualized when posing. For example, just last year a soccer player for the US National team, Alex Morgan was featured in the magazine posing in a swimsuit. If you were just to look at the photos you wouldn’t realize she was a successful female athlete, you would probably assume she was a swimsuit model instead. The majority of readers are male and the best way to draw male attention is to sexualize the sport or athlete; publicity and advertising does this. This brings new audiences and creates a popular representation of what that sport or athlete represents which influences other people and creates a new stigma or status to uphold.

The outcomes of portraying female athletes like this are negative. It can decrease their self-esteem. Athletes will either try and fit or steer away from these stereotypes. This kind of portrayal can discredit from their work because they are appreciated for other attributes like looks and appearance. Instead of being focused on being an athlete there is this competition with other female athletes that is not sports related, you become compared or contrasted based on irrelevant statistics like looks.

Sexualizing women’s sports doesn’t necessarily seem to be going away in popular culture but only growing, because of this women’s athletics are more popular than they have ever been. In general more females are playing sports. This is becoming a new avenue for females in attempt for an equal opportunity.

There are other sides to this debate, including the perspective that our society over-sexualizes male athletes, quite a bit. Such as the H&M commercial featuring David Beckham running around in his underwear. In this commercial, the film maker ensures that the viewer notices him in his underwear first, but then they also show his incredible athleticism while he swims through pools, jumps over cars and fences.

 

 

Works Cited

 

“Alex Morgan 2014 Swimsuit: Guana Island.” SI.com. N.p., 2014. Web. 20 Mar. 2015. http://www.si.com/swimsuit-2014/photos/2015/01/19/alex-morgan-2014-swimsuit-guana-island>.

Calzo, Jerel. “Gender Nonconformity and Athletic Self-Esteem.” Research Gate. The Society of Behavioral Medicine, 18 Dec. 2013. Web. 20 Feb. 2015. <http%3A%2F%2Fwww.researchgate.net%2Fpublication%2F259353199_Physical_Activity_Disparities_in_Heterosexual_and_Sexual_Minority_Youth_Ages_12-22_Years_Old_Roles_of_Childhood_Gender_Nonconformity_and_Athletic_Self-Esteem>.

“David Beckham Bodywear Underwear for H&M Commercial.” YouTube. Ed. Marc 6Atlan. YouTube, 6 Feb. 2013. Web. 07 Mar. 2015. <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vPcjTefW_Ao&gt;.

Paloian, Andrea. “The Female/Athlete Paradox: Managing Traditional Views of Masculinity and Femininity – Applied Psychology OPUS – NYU Steinhardt.” The Female/Athlete Paradox: Managing Traditional Views of Masculinity and Femininity – Applied Psychology OPUS – NYU Steinhardt. N.p., 2015. Web. 20 Mar. 2015. <http://steinhardt.nyu.edu/opus/issues/2012/fall/female&gt;.

She’s the Man. Dir. Andy Fickman. Perf. Amanda Bynes. Youtube She’s the Man. N.p., 3 Oct. 2011. Web. 20 Feb. 2015. <(https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=StziRu2t85Q)>.

Portrayal of Siblings in Television and Film

Having brothers or sisters is a trait that many can relate with. It is an identity that most people are a part of, and as such it is also something that is portrayed commonly in cinema and television. But how this trait is portrayed is important, and it is interesting to see the patterns that are present among several sources. However, when these images are viewed by a younger audience, several problems may arise. Children are much more impressionable than other audience members, and viewing these characters can cause serious issues. In fact, the characterization of siblings, in particular the comparison between older and younger siblings, has many recurring traits between different media, and can be especially problematic as it can make a bad impressions on developing children and teenagers.

The main difference used by the media to distinguish one sibling from another is intelligence. Not only is this a way to fuel stories for episodes, but it is also used to define who the character is. For example, Lisa and Bart Simpson from the 20th Century Fox show, The Simpsons. Lisa being intelligent is one of her few defining characteristics, as well as Bart’s remarkable dimwittedness. Lisa, Bart’s younger sister, is a gifted musician and student, who excels academically and is even a member of Mensa (Groening, “They Saved Lisa’s Brain). Bart, however, is the notorious ‘bad kid,’ who is always getting into trouble, over bad grades or other mischief. Many episodes of the show are centered on this difference of intelligence: whether they are solving some Hardy Boys’ style mystery or trying to write an episode of their favorite cartoon, Itchy & Scratchy (Groening, “The Day the Violence Died”). This is distinction is glaringly clear in the episode “Bart vs. Lisa vs. the Third Grade”. In this episode, their elementary school gives an ‘achievement test’ that determines how well they are doing; Lisa spends all week studying, and Bart watches TV. Lisa does so well that she gets promoted to the third grade, while Bart does so poorly that he is demoted to the third grade. They are soon forced to cope with their differences and survive being in the same class (Groening, “Bart vs. Lisa vs. The Third Grade”). While Lisa studies harder and harder for each test, Bart finds ways to cheat on them. Where Lisa excels in intelligence, Bart is more deceiving and clever. This is only one example of many featured in the series. This difference of intelligence between siblings is arguably the most defining qualities of the children on The Simpsons. It is certainly a plot device for many episodes, and has remained consistent throughout the seasons. And it is not isolated to this show either. Intelligence is also a defining factor in Fox’s Malcolm in the Middle.

Arguably the most defining characteristics of the main children on Malcolm in the Middle is their intelligence. It is a theme that is brought up several times, and is the center of many episodes. The family consists of several characters: Dewey, the youngest son; Malcolm, the next youngest son; Reese, the second eldest; and Francis, the eldest son; as well as their parents Hal and Lois. Malcolm is the center of the show, and is often portrayed as the smartest, however Dewey is also considered to be rather intelligent. These characteristics are clearly demonstrated in the episode “Dewey’s Special Class.” After seeing Malcolm struggle in the ‘Krelboyne’ class for the smart children, Dewey intentionally throws an intelligence test and is placed in the remedial class. There, he soon becomes the unofficial leader when the other children recognize his intelligence (Boomer, “Dewey’s Special Class”). This class later becomes an outlet for Dewey to express his knowledge and creativity when he is not at home, and is a clear demonstration of his talents. This is contrasted by episodes that star their brother Reese, such as “Reese’s Party.” In this is episode, Reese throws a party while their parents are out of town. However, the situation quickly escalates when some guests turns it into a meth cooking operation. Reese eventually turns to Dewey to solve the problem, which he does by calling the guests’ parents (Boomer, “Reese’s Party”). This is just another example of these characters fitting their roles. Dewey is once again portrayed as the smart child, and Reese as the dimwitted older brother who needs help. Although the family structure is different, they dynamics bare a resemblance to that of The Simpsons. In both shows, the younger child is the most intelligent, and the elder is not. Where Lisa and Dewey both exceed, Bart and Reese fail. It is clearly a reoccurring role that extends further than just these series’ own episodes, but is found in other series as well. In fact, using intelligence to define a sibling is not just a tool used by television series, but is also found in cinema.

This type of characterization is also found in the 1990 comedy film, Home Alone. The film follows Kevin McCallister, a boy who is mistakenly left home alone while the rest of the family leaves on vacation. Kevin has a few siblings, but the most prominent character is his elder brother, Buzz. In the beginning, Buzz is quickly portrayed as a dimwitted jock. It is made clear by the sports posters adorning his room, as well as his ‘bully’ attitude towards Kevin (Home Alone). His intelligence is further demonstrated later in the film. When asked whether he is worried about Kevin being left at home, he responds, “No, for three reasons: A, I’m not that lucky. Two, we use smoke detectors and D, we live on the most boring street in the whole United States of America, where nothing even remotely dangerous will ever happen” (Home Alone). Clearly, anyone who uses the characters A, 2, and D as to number a list of three items is not too bright. Kevin’s defining characteristic, on the other hand, is his incredible cleverness. The entire plot of the film is centered on Kevin outsmarting the criminals that are out to rob his house. He uses clever traps and distractions, such heating up doorknobs to burn them, and throwing marbles on the ground to make the burglars slip and fall (Home Alone). It is Kevin’s ingenuity alone that defends the house, and is what defines Kevin’s character. Once again, this role assignment of intelligence is placed on these characters: the youngest Kevin, is the extremely intelligent, and the older brother, Buzz, is not. Buzz is used as tool to further demonstrate how smart Kevin is, and by the end of the film, even he is impressed with Kevin’s accomplishments. It is a very similar, if not the same character pattern that is found in both The Simpsons and Malcolm in the Middle.

But why is this pattern important? The most glaring problem is that all these example are from media that is commonly viewed by younger audiences, a group that is extremely impressionable. Children are influenced by many outside sources as they develop, and exposure to television programs is one of the major contributors. According to the University of Michigan Health System, television plays a large part in a child’s development, especially their social interactions. They explain that children who watch TV often accept stereotypes that are commonly portrayed, and sometimes adopt them (Boyse). This means that children who see characters similar to themselves on television, such as Bart Simpson or Kevin McCallister, might adopt this idea of sibling characterization. As they develop, they might feel forced into the role of the dimwitted sibling, especially if they believe that they have a brother or sister that they feel is more intelligent than they are. Because they witness these sibling stereotypes on the television, they could potentially feel obligated to fill a similar role. This important to understand, as children who see characters similar to themselves on television are much more likely to identify with them and model their behavior after them (Evra, 243). By modeling behavior after these television shows, children might suffer these developmental problems, and limit themselves in order to fit these stereotypical roles. Luckily, this problem can be avoided entirely. By restricting what a child watches, until well after their impressionable stages, this would no longer be a problem.

Having a sibling is a common trait that many people share. Because of this, sibling interactions and stereotypes are portrayed frequently in modern media. After analyzing several examples of this identity, a clear pattern has emerged. No matter the age gap or gender differences, siblings are often divided by difference of intelligence. Although this can provide material for episodes and other content, it can have serious consequences. Clearly dividing the siblings can effect younger audiences who view them, and have a negative impact on their development. It can force children into these stereotyped roles, and inhibit them later in life. Although it is not difficult to solve this problem, it is necessary that steps must be taken; the lives of developing children could be at stake.

Works Cited

Boomer, Linwood. “Dewey’s Special Class.” Malcolm in the Middle. Dir. David D’Ovidio. 20th Century Fox. 2 May 2004. Television.

Boomer, Linwood. “Reese’s Party.” Malcolm in the Middle. Dir. Levie Isaacks. 20th Century Fox. 27 Apr. 2003. Television.

Boyse, Kyla. “University of Michigan Health System.” Television (TV) and Children: Your Child:. University of Michigan Health System, Aug. 2010. Web. 01 Mar. 2015.

Evra, Judith Van. Television and Child Development. Hillsdale, NJ: L. Erlbaum Associates, 2004. Print.

Groening, Matt. “Bart vs. Lisa vs. the Third Grade.” The Simpsons. Dir. Steven D. Moore. 20th Century Fox. 17 Nov. 2002. Television.

Groening, Matt. “The Day the Violence Died.” The Simpsons. Dir. Wesley Archer. 20th Century Fox. 17 Mar. 1996. Television.

Groening, Matt. “They Saved Lisa’s Brain.” The Simpsons. Dir. Pete Michels. 20th Century Fox. 9 May 1990. Television.

Home Alone. Dir. Chris Columbus. By John Hughes. Perf. Macaulay Culkin and Joe Pesci. Twentieth Century Fox Home Entertainment, 1990. Film.

Nerds now

The first documented use of the word Nerd is in the 1950 Dr. Seuss story, If I Ran the Zoo, in which a boy named Gerald McGrew made a large number of delightfully extravagant claims as to what he would do, if he were in charge at the zoo. Among these was that he would bring a creature known as a Nerd from the land of Ka-Troo. The accompanying illustration showed a grumpy humanoid with unruly hair and sideburns, wearing a black T-shirt.But since then so  many thing got changed and word nerd become more complex  people identified as nerds became popular over the last decade and were suddenly tolerated by outsiders. This change of society’s perception has three reasons; first, the definition of the term “nerd” has changed in a positive way, second, the nerd culture became an essential part of our everyday life, and third, the successful American media featured nerds heavily in globally watched TV series, movies and played video games.

Firstly, a reason for nerds’ sudden popularity lies in the positively altered definition of the term “nerd”. It changed from the old nerd picture of a socially-impaired person to an ordinary, acceptable human. Before the decade, nerds were seen as “machine like and socially awkward” .The reason for this lies in their enthusiasm towards technology and knowledge rather than emotional and physical interactions. Therefore, they enjoy studying, “getting A’s in school” and playing with machines more than seeking for emotional relationship. Non-nerds were confused by nerds’ logic and rational communication and their misunderstanding of humor and feelings. Therefore, most nerds cannot understand jokes, which were considered as normal and cool, about or between people.In addition nerds were society’s outsiders and perfect bully victims. The image of the “ultimate male” pictured an athletic man with physical exertion. Surfers, cowboys, and basketball players were “the heroes of American popular culture”, not nerds with their underweight body, big glasses, and shirts of video game characters. Nerds were seen as ugly boys who are unpopular with women .Essentially, in the last decade, nerds were just “uncool” and “creepy”.

In contrast, nerds nowadays are seen as ordinary humans with a fanatical interest in a subject or several subjects. They interact in groups and have fashionable clothes.for example I can mention a few characters in different well known movies like on last James bond movie there is character that helps James bond through earphone or in movie harry potter the character Hermoine or Harry himself  .This obsessive interest can be broad but generally lies in technology and the idea of “precision” .However, many people do not mind this anymore and do not call them machine like. They can understand this passion as they are interested in technology, as well. The rise of computers and smartphones made almost everyone a technology user and let them understand why technology is attractive. Moreover, all people including nerds inform themselves about the same technology which leads to conversation topics that were not found before. Although some nerds are shy, they can talk passionately about their hobbies and passions. Now they have the opportunity to talk to “ordinary” people, too. The image of a social loner has been altered, as well, as nerds typically gather in groups now and celebrate their interests. One can see this group movement, for example, in the countless websites divorced to “nerdy” interests such as manga, comics, and technology. Also, the group movement is evident in the multiply societies at universities and in the enormous commercial conventions like the “Comic-Con” or “gamescom”, which attract thousands of visitors each year. also, the “nerd” style with large glasses and video game character T-shirts inspired some designers such as Carmen Marc Valvo to create clothes collections to reflect on it. These clothes are quite profitable which imbues companies to invest in it. One example for this would be the popular website thinkgeek.com, which only sells “nerdy” clothes and other gadgets with much success. So the clothes and accessories of nerds became fashionable and attractive for everyone. Therefore, nerds are a part of the society today and are accepted with their unique lifestyle and attitude.

 

http://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-2032551 http://cos.h-cdn.co/cm/14/25/53a0ba74045b6_-_cos-01-matt-damon-nerd-0b0puh-de.jpeg

 

Secondly, over the last decade the nerd culture became an essential part of human’s everyday life. Technology, science, and “nerdy” interests dominate the modern world. Technology is accepted and appreciated today by nearly anyone. Moreover, in everyone’s life one can find technology. Smartphones, computers, TVs, MP3 players, microwaves, cars and plenty more technical instruments are the life partners of humans. This technology is used without any thoughts. In other words, “the technology associated with nerds is now seen as hip”. The pessimism towards technology is gone, now humans are dependent on it. Especially younger generations cannot imagine living without the new technology anymore

Beside this, “nerdy interests” strike more attention nowadays. In the past, comics were seen as nerdy art and books. Moreover, the audience was considered as children or nerds. No “normal” teen or adult would read them. However, this audience profile changed due to the commercially successful comic movie adaptions such as “The Dark Knight”, “Iron Man”, and “Hulk”. In addition, the recent movie “Marvel’s The Avengers” demonstrated impressively that a comic movie adaption can attract millions of people and achieve record sales globally. As it was just released in America, one can expect way more sales and breakthrough records (Marvel 2012). Because of these movies, adults gained more interest in comics and are willing to read them. In this manner, not only nerds and children are reading comics, but also ordinary adults.

Another nerdy interest, which is accepted all over, is the allure of fantasy and science fiction. Nearly everyone is fascinated by the supernatural, but due to the technology pessimism in the past nobody wanted to hear or talk about it. However, as comics such as “X-Men” and “Marvel’s The Avengers” as well as movies like “Star Wars”, “E.T.”, and “Bram Stoker’s Dracula” were successful, the general audience wanted to read and see more fantasy and science fiction work, not only nerds. In addition, theme parks such as Walt Disney World and Universal Studios are based on the fantastic and science fiction theme and are enjoyed by their visitors. In this manner, the nerdy interests that isolated the nerds from the society became an essential part of it. Moreover, these interests influence society’s life in significant ways.

 

In conclusion, I would say that I’ve learned from my own experiences that it’s incredibly important to read in between the lines of fads or trends. We are a society just looking at the outliers of a cultural trend because they attract the most attention and we accept the easily from my research on how nerds are portrayed in popular culture articles, videos and blogs I would say that overall, society as a whole, has made the effort to explore and show all the aspects of being nerd, although stereotypical nerds make up the majority of the group. I would also state that it is a good thing that this new picture of nerds is replacing other outdated portrayal. I consider myself one of these people and wish I could see myself more and better in popular culture

 

WORKS CITED

Burners are Brain Dead

Burning Man participants are eccentric drug consuming tribalistic animal abusing hippies.   These descriptions come from satirical American sitcoms and are definitely exaggerations of stereotypes for the sake of humor. But what are the Burning Man stereotypes that the comedy writers are exaggerating? Are those stereotypes based on reality, or are they completely fabricated? I decided to watch sitcom episodes based on Burning Man and examine the stereotypes. I expected to see the Burning Man participants, or Burners, portrayed as one dimensional hippy types that are often used in sitcoms for comic relief. I definitely found this representation to be a common thread, but was also surprised to find positive characters as well.

I decided to watch three different episodes that I hadn’t previously watched so that I could be as objective as possible. The Simpsons Blazed and Confused, Malcolm in the Middle Burning Man, and Reno 911 Burning Man Festival. I’m a fan of these shows but have always avoided the Burning Man episodes because I didn’t want to dislike the show because of bad stereotyping. I wish I hadn’t been so stubborn to this point because the episodes were pretty good and I had been missing out.

All the shows seemed to agree on one thing. The costumes. Lots of faux fur, bright lights, wings, and so on. The representation of costumes was fair on the three shows. They showed a wide variety outfits while the actual costumes were fair, the ratio of costumed to non-costumed burners was definitely off. The Simpsons showed everyone not in the usual cast in a Burning Man costume. ,   Image searches of Burning Man bring up tons of examples of the outrageous costumes so I imagine it was easy to imitate by the show producers. Burning Man is often described as a tribal experience and two shows took this very literally. The Simpsons and Malcolm in the Middle both had groups of people dressed in traditional native outfits dancing around a fire. The scenes looked more like something from national geographic then from Burning Man. They were funny representations though and not at all offensive.

The shows also got another thing right. Experiences vary. Each person has their own series of events play out on any vacation and experiences always vary. In the Malcolm in the Middle episode the family was divided on their experiences. Lois and Reece loved their time at Burning Man and wanted to go back next year. Hal, Malcolm, and Dewey didn’t want anything to do with it. First time burners often see this divide to some degree. I think I was more surprised to see any of the characters say that they like the event and wanted to go back.

The shows also got plenty wrong about Burning Man. Most of the discrepancies were probably done for comic value and are harmless but they were inaccurate. Cacti showed up in two episodes and created first aid opportunities. Cactus doesn’t grow near the event though. Neither Malcolm in the Middle or the Simpsons showed any kind of law enforcement in their episodes. Law enforcement is present, both state and federal, and this isn’t something that is hidden well. The absence of law enforcement had to be intentional in order to create a greater sense of lawlessness. Burning Man is often portrayed as unorganized chaos but this just isn’t the case. The event is very organized and people are often surprised by how smoothly the event is run.

One of the most surprising things I saw was in the Simpsons episode. In one of the first scenes at Burning Man a couple people were dressed in traditional tribal wear, masks and all, and were spinning fire at a pig, who was also wearing a mask. The pig was terrified. I know it’s only a cartoon sitcom and no animal was in harm’s way, but I still found it somewhat offensive. The writers were trying to create an atmosphere of lawlessness and chaos and used that scene to support the environment. It was definitely a surprise to see burners represented in this way because they are, for the most part, animal lovers and activists.

The Reno 911 episode was a very funny take on Burning Man. Three of the shows stars got dressed up in full costume and tried to take a rental van to the event so that they could “Bust all those LSD taking hippies”. They got lost a lot and spent plenty of time turning the van around and arguing about directions. They eventually ran out of gas and never made it to the event. This sort of thing actually happens when people who have never drove to Burning Man decide to take up the challenge. Even though they never actually got to the event they managed to make multiple references about Burners and drug abuse.

The most surprising thing I saw was in the Malcolm in the Middle episode. Malcolm was asked by his parents why he wanted to go and he gave a heartfelt explanation about the meaning of Burning Man. His explanation sounds like it was written by a person who had experienced the event and had a great time. It was nice to hear something positive when it wasn’t expected.

“Burning Man is an incredible, interactive experiment in human creativity, where you do art, just for art’s sake, and you make music from instruments that came to you in dreams. It’s the only place you’re free to let go and really see what you’re capable of creating without worrying what anyone else thinks! That is what Burning Man is all about!”

The entire episode seemed to be fair to Burning Man and its participants. The highs, the lows, and the unexpected. Not everyone had a good time but those that did had a life altering experience. In my experiences with Burning Man this seems to be the case for those going to the event for the first time. This was the least stereotypical representation of Burners but still pushed the dopey hippy character.

The Malcolm in the Middle episode lacked what the other episodes lacked though. Well educated science-minded participants. Burning Man is full of them, but they usually dress plainly and tend to not stick out as much. They don’t focus on creating crazy costumes but instead, they focus on art based engineering. Mutant vehicles are a huge part of the event and aren’t constructed by drugged up hippy character often portrayed by the media, but by responsible, well-educated contributors to society. EDN magazine is an engineering publication. Last year they published an article on the fun of engineering projects for Burning Man. The author Steve Taranovich has a masters of electronic engineering and described these Burning Man engineering feats as this: “A Mutant Vehicle is a unique, motorized creation that shows little or no resemblance to their original form, or to any standard street vehicle. Mutant Vehicles are radically, stunningly, (usually) permanently, and safely modified from their base vehicle. Sometimes the whole vehicle is made from scratch.” ­­I agree with Steve’s sentiment about the complexity of the projects. Stereotypical drug taking hippies could never pull it off.

Shaun Maguire writes a blog for the Institute for Quantum Information and Matter at Cal-tech. His article “Science at Burning Man: Say What?” explores the science at burning man and challenges the typical stereotypes usually associated with Burners. Shaun camps with about 200 other scientists and can talk endlessly about the brain power needed to construct Burning Man projects. His roommates are in the middle of their theses at Cal Tech and decided to build a 3 million volt musical Tesla coil, just for fun. The contraption ended up standing over 20 feet tall when completed. Other science and engineering students volunteered time and brain power to help build it. Shaun says “You should come away convinced that there’s much more to the festival than just ‘a bunch of hippies doing drugs in the desert and listening to music.’ He agrees that the typical Burning Man stereotype is misguided and is an unfair representation of most participants. His blog post does a great job of portraying participants as very well educated and science minded. A stark contrast to the typical hippy image.

Engineering types aren’t the only ones flexing their brains at Burning Man. Tristan Ursell, a postdoctoral scholar at Stanford University, brings a mobile micro-zoo to the dessert. He provides microscopes and slides full of interesting things to look at ranging from trumpet-shaped protozoa to human skin. During the day he shows Burners the wonders of the micro world, and at night he joins his campmates and hosts topical talks about various things including stem cells and 3-D modeling (LeCompte). Tristan is like many Burners not represented by pop culture. He is well educated, articulate, and driven to succeed.

I began this exploration expecting to see an unfair representation of Burning Man participants full of exaggerated stereotypes. While I did find that, it was usually light-hearted and funny and wasn’t to the degree that I expected. My biggest complaint isn’t what I saw, but what I didn’t see. Well educated, rational, responsible people were nowhere to be found. Burning Man is full of those people but since they don’t grab headlines or make good satirical targets they’re not often referenced. I imagine this is the case with many stereotypes that are perpetuated in pop culture. Take the extreme case of any given social setting and wildly exaggerate it for comic relief. I’m a huge fan of comedic satire so I need to just except that from time to time I’ll be mis-represented in favor of a few laughs, and that’s fine with me.

Works Cited

LeCompte Celeste. Scientists Showcase the Wonders of the World at Burning Man Festival. Scientific American. Oct 155 2013. Viewed Feb 18 2015.           http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/scientists-showcase-the-wonders-of-the-world-at-burning-man-festival/

Maguire Shaun. Science at Burning Man, Say What?. Quantum Frontiers. Blog. October 15 2014. Viewed Feb 20 2015. http://quantumfrontiers.com/2014/10/15/science-at-burning-man-say-what/

Malcolm in the Middle: Burning Man. Season 7 episode 1. Sep 30 2005.

Reno 911!: Burning Man episode. Season 1 episode 10. September 24 2003.

Taranovich Steve. “Can engineering be fun?: Nuvation and “Burning Man”. EDN Network website. August 16 2013. Viewed Feb 20 2015. http://www.edn.com/electronics-blogs/anablog/4419775/Can-engineering-be-fun–Nuvation-and–Burning-Man-

The Simpsons: Blazed and Confused, Season 26, Episode 7. TV show. Fox broadcasting. Nov 16 2014.

Stereotypes of Chinese figures in Pop Culture

Popular culture

Jiali Zhang

With the popularity of “made in China”,China has became the world of factory. Chinese characters were gradually emerging into American popular culture, and especially in movies. However, with a limited understanding on this oriental country, which has a 5000-year history full of mysteries, the Chinese images have been strongly stereotyped in pop culture. This essay will provide a respectively analyze on Chinese figures, which are often been heroized, demonized and ignored in American pop culture. I feel it is worth noticing those misunderstanding; because in today’s society, media can create a huge influence to public attitudes. People may much more easier to receive information, concepts and news from the media (Chen, 2006). The reason why I pick up movies as my research objects is because movies have been one of the powerful tools to spread information in today’s society (Shah, 2006). The one-sided description of Chinese figure would cause U.S. audiences having a limited understanding on Chinese culture. Also it may bring psychological harm to those Chinese who are staying in American.

The way of presenting Chinese character in pop culture is not out of nothing. In fact, it has very deeply historical reasons. In the past century, Chinese, as outsiders, were writing their struggling history in American society. Nowadays, the new establishment and development of Chinese government is attracting more and more attention from other countries. However when Chinese characters finally got a slight expression in media, the figures of them were formed into extremely ends. The Chinese figures are often portrayed as Kung Fu masters,villains or nobody.

First of all Chinese were often misrepresented as Kung Fu masters in pop culture. When talking about Chinese Kung Fu fashion among Americans, “Bruce Lee” may come to peoples’ mind immediately. He has become one of the most influential symbols in American popular culture. Lee not only made a great contribution to show the Chinese-American self-confident, but also brought up a global wave of Chinese Fung Fu (Richer, 2011). Since then, the element of Kung Fu became a new darling of Hollywood movies, which was frequently broadcasted on big screens. More and more Chinese Kung Fu actors were recognized in popular culture, such as Jacky Chen, Jet Li, etc. In those movies Chinese figures usually play as the roles of heroes. For example in the movie Rush hour 3, the detective Lee (Jacky Chen) climbed up a building without any post–production and associate-equipment, he also fight on the top of the Eifel Tower without any protection; and he finally destroyed the international gang called “Triad” with his partner James Carter (Chris Tucker ornaments). In the movie The Tuxedo, Chinese driver Jimmy became a super agent and fight against the dark forces by using his magic power. Moreover, the cartoon movies also start to involve the Kung Fu elements as well. The most famous one was Kung Fu Panda, which was made by DreamWorks Studio, one of the biggest American movie producers. From these movies, Chinese figures have been given the image to American audients that Chinese people have extraordinary skills be the hero with legends, and with the mythologized “Kung Fu”(keith,2013).

Such a high intensive exposure makes Chinese people as synonymous as Kung Fu masters to American. I still remember when I first introduced myself to the classmate, one of my native friends said that “Oh, you are Chinese, you must know Kung Fu, do you guys practice Kung Fu everyday?” That is a total a misunderstanding. The truth is that not every Chinese know play Kung Fu; on the contrary, only a small group people may know it. Kung Fu is a traditional fighting skill, people who want to learn it needs to accept the special training. They not only need to have physical strength and stamina, but also need to have a deep understanding on Chinese philosophy Enlarging the Kung Fu element too much may cause people in other countries have a misconception on Chinese culture. Even for “Kung Fu” itself it is not only about fighting and wining, it has more cultural understandings behind of that. The real purpose for practicing Kung Fu is about self-development and healthy feeling the harmony connection between self and universe, and even more, feeling the philosophy and the principle of the eternal truth. When they fighting for something it is a protection for faith, justice and love. This is also what Chinese culture looking for (Zhong, 2011).

Secondly, Chinese characters in American pop culture are often covered by the evil mask. Most of them are supporting roles and only have a few lines. The common point of those movies is: Chinese are villains. The images of Chinese males are mostly portrayed as the gang members; while the female characters are often presented as killers, prostitutes or witches…(Chen, 2006). For example, in the series of Lethal Weapon, the detectives Roger and Martin works together to duel with a powerful boss who is a Kung Fu master from the mysterious China. In movie of Tomb Raider 6, Chinese actor Simon Yam plays a leader of big gang. The Joy Luck Club is an old film, which is talking about Chinese women. However, the Chinese men still didn’t get rid of the negative representation; they were portrayed as a metamorphosis that often persecuted Chinese women. Last but not the least, In Pirates of the Caribbean 3 Chinese movie star Chow Yun- Fat played a role of Asian pirate captain and give American audiences a very vicious impression.

These kinds of negative representation will subconsciously give the public a bad impression on Chinese. In addition, these may reduce the reputation of Chinese people intentionally. This may also will result in hostility to China and cause a certain racial discrimination.

Thirdly, according to my research, Chinese characters in pop culture are mostly represented as co-stars. In another word, they are nobodies; sometimes they even do not have any speech. Most of them are immigrants, which are presented as laundress, housekeepers or waiter/waitress. They usually have very low social class and speak with accents. They were divorced from the mainstream of American society. For example, In the Desperate Housewives Mei is an illegal immigrant form China who suffered in China and almost be sold by her uncle. As a result, She has to smuggle into the United States in order to seek a protection. She stays in Gaby’s home and become a housemaid. In the first season ep.4, she was described as a person who is using sock to clean the house. Moreover, in the ep.14, Gaby said that Mei would realize what was the real democracy and freedom in US, which she may not really have in China, back to her hometown. Mei is only one extraordinary example, which could not represent the overall Chinese situation, but it will probably give out a misunderstanding on Chinese society’s situations to U.S. audiences.

The Chinese image in the movies may act as the decorative elements. For example In the Pursuit of Happyness, a Chinese old lady appeared 1or 2 minutes. She has been given the information that she is selfish, greed, and don’t understand any English in such a short period of time. Some of Chinese characters may heighten the main characters or narrative. For example in the beginning of Once upon a time in America, the director gave a shot of China town, with Chinese passers in the screen who are famished and numb. The long braid behind the man is very old fashion and particular striking. This kind of description made a contrast to the rest of piece with the senses in modern city surroundings. Also, in the Batman 3, there was a Chinese father who was afraid to go into the flames and save his children. His cowardice foils the braveness and justice of American spirit.

According to Chen, “After more than two decades of serving as welcome source of cheap labor and earning a reputation for industry, honestly and a peaceful disposition, the Chinese had become the object of scorn” (Chen, 2006). Chinese characters often play supporting roles and sometimes they may act as the ridiculous elements in the popular culture. Many artifacts may intentionally misunderstand Chinese and Chinese culture with characteristics as the selfish, wretched, funny roles in many movies. This kind of situation may marginalize Chinese in American society. It certainly reflects the exclusion of foreign culture in Untied States.

Under the influence of globalization, development of technology and diversified cultural exchanges, simplifying, unifying a foreign culture may increase efficiency to study them (Chen, 2006). However, the incomplete descriptions of Chinese may intensify the social and cultural differences. With the popularity of the Internet and communication technologies, disseminating the stereotyped images of the Chinese will have a huge impact. Because of the real scene and the nearly perfect props, the stereotypical figures of the Chinese in movies are giving a sense of real to American audiences. The impression of Chinese has been changed from Qing- style long braid and foot binding to Chinese food and Chinese Kung Fu, the Chinese figures have been modeled as backward, humble and mysterious in pop culture. Popular culture brings the image of Chinese into the global arena. This not only make people have a misunderstanding of the reality of Chinese images;it may also cause those misunderstanding figure become the fixed impression and not easy to be changed in the real world. According to the article “ How Do Movies Affect Society?” that “Movies portray reality yet reality portrays movies” (Yuan, 2012). In another word, movies and reality are interacting to each other. As a result, the incomplete description of Chinese in movies may give the wrong self-perception to some Chinese in the United Stated.

Movies are the time-limited artifacts. As a result, the audience should notice that the descriptions within the time frame maybe incomplete. Some screenwriters may exaggerate some parts of details in order to create the dramatic conflicts and attack the commercial interests. To the audiences, we would better to use tolerant attitudes to admire other countries’ culture from different perspectives, in order to have a comprehensive understanding on foreign culture.

Reference

Chen, Y. (2006). Stereotypical images of Chinese characters in Hollywood films,

1910–2005.

Yuan, L. (2012). How Do Movies Affect Society?

Shah, V. (2011). The Role of Film in Society

Richer, J. (2011). The President and the Dragon: The Rise of Bruce Lee in the

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Rush Hour 3 [Motion picture on DVD]. (2007). USA: New Line Home Video.

The Tuxedo [Motion picture on DVD]. (2002). USA: American Broadcasting Company.

Keith, Z. (2013). Hollywood Asian Stereotypes.

Lethal Weapon [Motion picture on DVD]. (2000). USA: Warner Home Video.

CCTV Science and Technology Channel. Wudang Taiji. (2011). Episode8.

Kung Fu Panda [Motion picture on DVD]. (2008). USA: Paramount Home Entertainment.

The Joy Luck Club [Motion picture on DVD]. (2002). USA: Buena Vista Home

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Desperate Housewives. (2004). First season, ep.4 and ep.14

The Pursuit of Happyness [Motion picture on DVD]. (2007). USA: Sony Picture Home

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Once upon a time in America [Motion picture on DVD]. (2003). USA: Warner Home

Video.

 

My Analysis for Asian Stereotypes in American Media

As an Asian student who studies in America, I found out the stereotypes of Asian-American in media is interesting and different with what I thought. Like when I was in China all the stereotypes I know about American are from the movie or the TV show I watch. When I came to America, it is totally different than what I saw in the movie. Also, the stereotypes about Asian-American are based on what people fell in their daily life or what they saw in the media. The stereotypes in media also different with what people think about from their daily life. Because the development in Asia is fast, more and more Asian came to America. From the report, there is 5.6% of the total population, and half of them born in America. More native Asian-American happened because there are Asian came to America and had family long time ago. The new Asians who born in America are people get media and other’s attention. The new Asians makes the different idea happened. What people’s idea is from the Asian in their daily life, they went school or work with, but the one in media are people who born in Asia. People may already change, but the stereotypes are still there. I will analysis three popular culture artifacts that are Bruce Lee’s Martial Arts Movies; “The Big Bang Theory” and “The Face of Fu Manchu” & “Jimmy Kimmel Show”. These popular culture artifacts would show three different stereotypes about Asian in America media.

When people talked about Asian, the first thing they will think about would be martial art. I have seen lots of movies that show martial art about Asian, no matter it is a Chinese movie or Japanese or Thai Movie. Different countries’ people but all knows martial art; this makes a fun stereotype about Asian that if you are an Asian you need to know martial art. But this stereotype does not only happen because the movie but also the class people take. People can easy to find taekwondo or Tai Chi class. American are not the only one who interested; the Asians are more interested than Americans, and they go to learn it, it is kind of true for people think Asian knows martial art. The artifact I found is about Bruce Lee (Bruce Lee’s Martial Arts Movies-YouTube), and even he died for years but, people still can remember his act in the movie. Most of Bruce’s movie was talking about how people fight back with villains by using his Kung-Fu. These movies are indelibility not only because the story but also because the martial arts in the movie. These movies made fifty years ago, but people still can remember it, this shows how profound these movies are. Bruce Lee’s movie may start gave people an idea of martial art, and when these kinds of movies came to America, the stereotype is indelible in people’s mind. But people think Bruce Lee in Asian is different than what people think about him in America. From the IMBD, people think Bruce Lee as a well actor that “greatest icon of martial arts cinema and a key figure in modern popular media.”(IMBD) He is only a successful actor in American’s thinking. But for Asian’s view, people are more focus on Bruce’s life. He was unsuccessful when he first arrive America, because he did not have a good grade and always fight with others. But he got success after he came to America and people in Asia were remembering of this. On the other hand, because Bruce Lee people start to have interested in martial art. Like the “Kung Fu Panda” was put two stereotypes together, the panda and martial art. For my personal expensive I always get the question about this movie star like Jackie Chen or Bruce Lee, or questions like do I know the martial arts. These are made me pride because martial arts are cool, and I am glad I can be an Asian.

Except the martial arts, another important stereotype people have for Asian is good at study but cannot speak English or having conversion with people well. No matter in people’s mind or they saw in school; the Asian student was always good at study. But on the other hands they just good at study, they do not like to talk with others much, and they never are a good leader. In the famous TV show big bang theory, one of the geniuses Rajesh, this character is from India and study in America, like most of the Asian he is smart but shy to talk with people. Also, he has the strange accent that people would laugh at him sometime in the show, but he also have friends who support him all the time (The Big Bang Theory-YouTube). As an international student, I think what the stereotype shows in the show is true. The idea in America and Asian is different. Spend lots of time also causes Asian students good at study. Their parents told them the only thing they need to worry about would be a study, and they do not need to worry about the money problem. But except study, they do not have much time to do other things, this causes them shy and cannot be a good leader. Also, almost all Asian students have accent if they not born in America, no matter they from India, Japan, Korean, China or other countries. The accent in different countries are different, this is why Asian cannot speak English well. Sometimes Asian is not good at study, they just out too much time to study, everyone spend that time to study can get a good grade. I think another reason Asians are shy because they are not good at English. When I am in school I scary to talk with people because I afraid they cannot understand me. Even though they are kind to me, but I still shy to talk with people, I think most of the Asians are same as me. They are willing to talk with people in native language but shy to talk in English.

The martial and good at study are good stereotypes, but nothing is perfect. Another stereotype I want to talk about was the “Yellow Peril”. People may not familiar with this word now, but it was in people’s mind for hundreds of years. The meaning of yellow peril means the yellow skin color will influence the global position of white people. The theory of yellow peril first brings up in Europe when Huns attack Europe with his army. At that time, Huns are too strong that no one can defeat them. At the Holmes’s story, one character called “Dr. Fu Manchu” (The Face of Fu Manchu-YouTube). In the movie or the novel, Dr. Fu Manchu was the evilest person in the world. Later on a British writer wrote a series of novel about this evilest guy. The reason people write or make this character is to let people in Europe have the mind of the Asian of evil. The movie or novel are published everywhere in Europe, and it gives people an idea that Asian will make their life worse, and they should avoid them. This theory also becomes one of the reason Europeans attack China or Japan during the 1800s. Now this theory is changing but still exists.

The new “Yellow Peril” theory started in U.S in late 1800s; Americans bring Chinese to build the road. When they finish, they found these Chinese starts take over their jobs (Sharp, Gwen). After that, in the recent years, Chinese and Japanese economy grow extremity fast, and American scary these Asian will take over their status of the economy all over the world. I have seen a video from Jimmy shows, in this show Jimmy was asked children how to pay back the money America borrow from China. One of the kid said killed all Chinese then they will never need to pay for the money. Also, another child said to build a wall is not let Chinese ask for the money (“Jimmy Kimmel Show”-YouTube). These kids may not old enough to have a mature thinking, but they are also not joking about this. Some of the people not see Asian as one of them and have hostility with Asian. They are not only aim at China but also with other Asian countries like Japan or India. Japan is big economic country, and India are like another China, they have more people than China and now the economic in India growth as fast as China. Now Asian-Americans are the people who earn most for the average salary, lots of Asian work on well-street or different bank. There might be people who think that is these Asian took their opportunity and let them lose the job. I never got the hostility like this and people are all nice to me. But these video get my attention because I think no one suppose treat like this. This TV show is famous, and everyone can watch when they saw this kind of news they may just change the idea about Asian. What on the news are not right ideas? Goods are all made in Asia like China or Vietnam because over there the labors are cheap, and to let them make they good can earn more profit for the company like Apple or Nike. These big companies can choose to make goods in America, but it will cost too much for the labor, is their decision to let those help them make the goods.

There are also stereotypes for Asian like Asian is bad drivers, they are smart and know how to do the business or good at technology. The stereotypes now are based on people’s daily communication with Asian. At the same time the stereotypes of Asian are also changing because the generation is changing; now the new kinds of Asian-American fit much better than their parents. These stereotypes may true in some way but wrong in the other way. These artifacts may true or not but once they are in the media people will change the idea about Asian in good or bad way. For my opinion, I think people should know others from their daily life, to spend time with people and know who they truly are. Only base on the media to think about people may make a big mistake. The best way to learn one is getting into his or her life.

Bibliography:

 

“Bruce Lee | Trailer ( from His 5 Martial Arts Movies ).” YouTube. YouTube. Web. 23 Feb. 2015.

 

“Bruce Lee.” <i>IMDb</i>. IMDb.com. Web. 23 Feb. 2015.

 

“The Face of Fu Manchu / Official Trailer (1965).” <i>YouTube</i>. YouTube. Web. 23 Feb. 2015.

 

Sharp, Gwen. “OLD “YELLOW PERIL” ANTI-CHINESE PROPAGANDA.” Sociological Images RSS. 20 June 2014. Web. 23 Feb. 2015.

 

“20131016 Kill All Chinese Jimmy Kimmel Show.” YouTube. YouTube, 16 Oct. 2013. Web. 23 Feb. 2015.

 

“The Big Bang Theory S06E06 Indian Accent.” YouTube. YouTube, 13 Nov. 2012. Web. 23 Feb. 2015.